65. Jahrgang 2013, Heft 2
ULBRICHT, JUSTUS H.: Mystik und Deutschtumsmetaphysik. Martin Buber, Eugen Diederichs und die religiöse Renaissance um 1900, pp. 105-127
WEBER, ARMIN: Zum Verhältnis von gestalthafter Darstellung und Denken in der Literatur. Thomas Manns Zauberberg und Heimito von Doderers Dämonen im Vergleich, pp. 128-151
PEITSCH, HELMUT: Rosa Luxemburg in der deutschen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts, pp. 152-172
THEIN, HELEN: „Eine Last auf meiner Seele“. Zum Widerhall der Schriften Simone Weils in der deutschsprachigen Nachkriegsliteratur, pp. 173-196
BOTSCH, GIDEON: Alternativen zum „Vulgärdemokratismus“. Das politikwissenschaftliche Werk Ernst Fraenkels (1898-1975), pp. 197-204
BUCHBESPRECHUNG, pp. 205-207
Jens Gundlach: Heinz Brunotte (1896-1984). Anpassung des Evangeliums an die NS-Diktatur. Eine biographische Studie, Hannover: Lutherisches Verlagshaus 2010, 526 S. (Hansjörg Buss)
ULBRICHT, JUSTUS H.: Mystik und Deutschtumsmetaphysik. Martin Buber, Eugen Diederichs und die religiöse Renaissance um 1900
The “cultural publisher” Eugen Diederichs (1869-1930) from Jena greatly facilitated a religious renaissance in terms of an anti-church spirit and mystic enthusiasm that were especially fascinating to intellectuals. Diederichs was particularly concerned with development ethics and social aristocracy; he was against materialism and sought a move towards romanticism and a new renaissance. Diederichs himself was also interested in mysticism, and he was fascinated by the unorthodox faith of mysticism authors as much as by their language, in which they strove to find words for the unspeakable divine. It is here that his and Martin Buber’s interest in mysticism met. The latter, through his “Ecstatic Confessions,” entered a cultural context in which the critique of Christianity and new faith were connected with an apotheosis of Germanness (Deutschtum) and an anti-Judaism that was overt and covert at different times. This contribution will reconstruct Buber’s liaison with Diederichs and interpret it as part of the religious renaissance movements of fin de siècle intellectuals.
WEBER, ARMIN: Zum Verhältnis von gestalthafter Darstellung und Denken in der Literatur. Thomas Manns Zauberberg und Heimito von Doderers Dämonen im Vergleich
The question how the relation between exemplary representation and abstract thinking in literature is to be determined has been debated since antiquity. The following paper examines two modern attempts to solve this question by thoroughly investigating Thomas Mann’s “Der Zauberberg” and Heimito von Doderer’s “Die Dämonen”. In doing so, it turns out that there is a specific literary kind of thinking (involving exemplary represantation) which seems to be superior in treating contingent events – which human history consists of – because it does not challenge the status of concrete facts as abstract thinking does.
PEITSCH, HELMUT: Rosa Luxemburg in der deutschen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts
The role Rosa Luxemburg has played in poems, plays, novels and essays by German writers of the twentieth century has been neglected by literary historians. By sketching some changes in genres and themes, the aim of this article provide at an overview which questions a simplifying notion of communist myth-making by highlighting, on the one hand, the multiple reasons why non-communist writers have had an interest in Luxemburg and, on the other, some intertextual relations, especially between East and West German texts of the post-war literature.
THEIN, HELEN: „Eine Last auf meiner Seele“. Zum Widerhall der Schriften Simone Weils in der deutschsprachigen Nachkriegsliteratur
Taking Heinrich Böll’s image of the Christian, political and philosophical French writer Simone Weil (1909-1943) as an intellectual, moral and religious “burden on his soul”as point of departure, the article analyses the reception of Weil’s work – against the background of the history of its publication in the Federal Republic of Germany – within the writings of four key figures of post-war literature: Böll, Ingeborg Bachmann, Nelly Sachs and Jean Améry. The texts of the four writers on Weil have been neglected by literary critics specialising in Böll, Bachmann, Sachs and Améry alike. By reading Böll’s contribution to an anthology on ‘Literature as Baggage’, Bachmann’s radio feature, Sachs’s poems and letters in their contexts, ranging from the early 50s to the late 70s, specific political (Böll, Bachmann) and religious (Sachs) affinities are brought out whereas in the case of the essay by Améry, being the only one addressing Weil’s Jewish origin, his disagreement with Böll, Bachmann and Sachs on Weil is accounted for.