71. Jahrgang 2019

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

 

AUFSÄTZE

Thomas L. Gertzen: Judenbilder im populären Ägypten- und Orientroman bei Georg Ebers – ein Vergleich mit den Werken von Gustav Flaubert und Karl May

Knut Martin Stünkel: Biologie als Ekklesiologie. Rudolf Ehrenbergs materialistische Deutung der Kirche

Hauke Heidenreich: Die Empirie des Übersinnlichen – C. G. Jungs Konzept des kollektiven Unbewussten als Umdeutung Kants zwischen Okkultismus, Religion und Parapsychologie

Rolf Kühn: Religion und Psychoanalyse in der Sichtweise Jacques Lacans. Eine Diskussionsskizze für den „religiösen Diskurs“ heute

 

MISZELLEN

Wolfgang Biesterfeld: Die Abissini Regis Historia (1628) des deutschen Jesuiten Adam Contzen. Ein Fürstenspiegel des Barock

Martin Arndt: Bausteine für eine theologische Gelotologie – Eine neue Tübinger Schule?

 

REZENSIONEN

Yoram Bilu: With Us More than Ever Before: Making the Absent Rebbe Present in MessianicChabad, Raanana: Hozaat Sefarim schel HaUniversita hapetucha 2016, 370 S. (hebr.) + 3 S. Abstract (engl.). (Yizhak Ahren)

Norbert Waszek (Hg.): Rosenzweigs Bibliothek. Der Katalog des Jahres 1939 mit einem Bericht ü ber den derzeitigen Zustand in der tunesischen Nationalbibliothek, Freiburg/ München: Verlag Karl Alber 2017, 160 S. (Christina Feist)

Simone Lässig/Miriam Rürup (Hg.): Space and Spatiality in Modern German-Jewish History, New York: Berghahn Books 2017, 384 S. (Klaus-Peter Friedrich)

Hannah Arendt: Sokrates Apologie der Pluralität. Eingeleitet von Matthias Bormuth und mit Erinnerungen von Jerome Kohn. Aus dem Englischen von Joachim Kalka, Berlin: Matthes & Seitz 2016, S. 109. (Martin Arndt)

Christina von Hodenberg: Das andere Achtundsechzig. Gesellschaftsgeschichte einer Revolte, München: C. H. Beck-Verlag 2018, 250 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

 

ABSTRACTS

Thomas L. Gertzen: Judenbilder im populären Ägypten- und Orientroman bei Georg Ebers – ein Vergleich mit den Werken von Gustav Flaubert und Karl May

This study examines how Jews were depicted in popular novels set in the (ancient) Near East and Egypt from the end of the 19th century onwards. Works by Georg Ebers are compared to those of Gustav Flaubert and Karl May and will be subjected to imagological analysis in order to address issues of anti-Semitism and denominational conflicts as reflected in popular literature.

 

Knut Martin Stünkel: Biologie als Ekklesiologie. Rudolf Ehrenbergs materialistische Deutung der Kirche

For the understanding of the ‘New Thinking’ (Neues Denken) movement, the ideas of the physiologist and biologist Rudolf Ehrenberg are a neglected but indispensable topic. In his work, the natural scientist Ehrenberg reflected intensely on the interrelation of religion, philosophy, and science. Starting from the assumption of the preeminence of language, communication and the fundamental biological law of the close interrelation of life and death, Ehrenberg in his metabiology developed a biological theory of the Church.

 

Hauke Heidenreich: Die Empirie des Übersinnlichen – C. G. Jungs Konzept des kollektiven Unbewussten als Umdeutung Kants zwischen Okkultismus, Religion und Parapsychologie

According to Paul Bishop’s thesis that C.G. Jung’s formation of ‘Analytical Psychology’ was deeply influenced by occult Kant interpretation provided by Carl du Prel, an important protagonist of German occultism, my text analyses the contexts in which Jung transforms these positions into a psychological concept. In this context Jung also adopts du Prel’s assertion that Kant would have been an occultist if he lived today.

 

Rolf Kühn: Religion und Psychoanalyse in der Sichtweise Jacques Lacans. Eine Diskussionsskizze für den „religiösen Diskurs“ heute

Since Freud’s understanding of the unconscious the classical theory of truth as correspondence between thought and reality has undergone several changes. Through his linguistic structuralism Lacan goes a step further, where “psychoanalytical discourse”, contrary to the various forms of the “master’s discourse”, does not presuppose or depend on any prior knowledge for its search for truth. Thus, the subject is freed from life-world processes in which it is “called upon” to fixate desire and jouissance on imaginary objects. Insofar as the reference to radical otherness aims at saying, through the mediation of the symbolic dimension of language, something that escapes everything that can be said, such unreachable locus of truth can also be thought of as the ex-isting “God”. When combined with a critical recourse to the radical phenomenology of life, this approach enables to situate religio prior to individually or socially fantasized images. Furthermore, it allows for the possibility of an originary “religious discourse” contrasting with science and ideology in the contemporary context of (post-)postmodernity

 

Heft 2

 

AUFSÄTZE

Julius H. Schoeps: „Die Vereinbarkeit des scheinbar Unvereinbaren“. Franz Oppenheimer, Ludwig Erhard und die Grundlegung der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft 

Manfred Voigts: Kritische Anmerkungen zu Franz Rosenzweig

Udo Kern: Jakob Böhme, der spekulative Mystiker. Ludwig Feuerbachs Böhme-Interpretation

Níels P. Eggerz: Purim in Altdorf. Johann Christoph Wagenseils Interesse am Jiddischen und dessen Kultur sowie seine Zusammenarbeit mit Johann Christian Jakob (Johan Kemper) und jüdischen Konvertiten im Allgemeinen 

 

MISZELLE

Brigitte Sändig: Ein Zeitalter wird gelebt

 

REZENSIONEN

Ivan Krastev: Europadämmerung. Ein Essay. Aus dem Englischen von Michael Bischofff, 4. Auflage, Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2018, 144 S. (Martina Bitunjac)

Amos Morris-Reich: Race and Photography. Racial Photography as Scientifijic Evidence, University of Chicago Press: Chicago/London 2016, 280 S. (Felix Wiedemann)

Hans Rudolf Vaget: „Wehvolles Erbe“. Richard Wagner in Deutschland. Hitler, Knappertsbusch, Mann, Frankfurt am Main : S. Fischer Verlag 2017, 560 S. (Gerhard Altmann)

Wolfram Eilenberger: Zeit der Zauberer. Das große Jahrzehnt der Philosophie 1919-1929, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta-Verlag 2018 (2. Auflage), 431 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Jehuda Reinharz/Yaacov Shavit: The Road to September 1939. Polish Jews, Zionists, and the Yishuv on the Eve of World War II (translated by Michal Sapir), Waltham: Brandeis University Press, 2018, 408 S. (Lukas Bormann)

Ursula  Reitemeyer: Praktische Anthropologie oder die Wissenschaft vom Menschen zwischen Metaphysik, Ethik und Pädagogik, Münster: Waxmann Verlag 2018, 244 S. (Martin Arndt)

 

ABSTRACTS

Julius H. Schoeps: „Die Vereinbarkeit des scheinbar Unvereinbaren“. Franz Oppenheimer, Ludwig Erhard und die Grundlegung der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft 

How is the political economist and sociologist Franz Oppenheimer linked to the politics of Ludwig Erhard in post-war Germany? The relevant literature refers to Oppenheimer as one of the masterminds or fathers of the social market economy. This essay will discuss to which extent the teacher-pupil-relationship and the idea of an ideal economic society have played a role. Oppenheimer’s vision that problems of social inequality could be solved without requiring a revolutionary upheaval or overthrow has had a crucial influence on Erhard’s world view and his perception of political economy.

 

Manfred Voigts: Kritische Anmerkungen zu Franz Rosenzweig

This essay presents an attempt at a realistic appraisal of the works of Franz Rosenzweig – in contrast to the often venerating positions taken by most current critiques. Using select aspects of his works, I will examine internal contradictions and factual inaccuracies, without attempting to construct a coherent critique but instead proposing the question whether the building blocks of Rosenzweig’s works can work together to form a coherent system.

 

Udo Kern: Jakob Böhme, der spekulative Mystiker. Ludwig Feuerbachs Böhme-Interpretation

Ludwig Feuerbach accepted with Hegel Jakob Böhme as the German speculative mystic. According to Feuerbach, this speculative thinker frees himself from mysticism. He understands Jakob Böhme as struggling for pure knowledge. But Böhme would not succeed to reach this concept.

 

Níels P. Eggerz: Purim in Altdorf. Johann Christoph Wagenseils Interesse am Jiddischen und dessen Kultur sowie seine Zusammenarbeit mit Johann Christian Jakob (Johan Kemper) und jüdischen Konvertiten im Allgemeinen 

This paper investigates the relationship between seventeenth-century Christian Hebraists and Jewish converts by using the example of Johann Christoph Wagenseil and his interest in Yiddish. Special attention is given to the 1697 Purim play found in the Hebraist’s estate and its writer/copyist. By examining Wagenseil’s interest in this play and by identifying the converts connected to him as well as by analyzing the tasks allotted to them, this paper aims to shed light on the transmission of knowledge about Jewish popular culture among Christian Hebraists in particular and to reconsider the importance of converts for the studies of the latter in general.

 

Heft 3

AUFSÄTZE

Richard Faber: Moderne Gnosis, jenseits von Christen- wie Judentum Anmerkungen zu und Erinnerungen an Jacob Taubes, aus Anlass des von Herbert Kopp-Oberstebrink und Martin Treml herausgegebenen Aufsatzbandes „Apokalypse und Politik“

Thomas L. Gertzen: Die Vorträge des Assyriologen Friedrich Delitzsch über Babel und Bibel und die Reaktionen der deutschen Juden. Orientalismus und Antisemitismus in der Altorientalistik

Johannes Frankow: Hingabe als Weg in den Untergang. Ein Vergleich von Stendhals Julien Sorel mit Herman Melvilles Kapitän Ahab

David Wyatt Aiken: On the Death of God A Post-mortem Reflection on a “Life”

 

MISZELLE

Heinz Sahner: Fräulein Maria, Herrscherin von Jever, eine bemerkenswerte Frau in der Zeit der Reformationswirren

Julius H. Schoeps: Die Geschichte hinter der Geschichte. Zum Streit um das literarische Erbe der Schriftsteller Franz Kafka und Max Brod

 

REZENSIONEN

Dominik Peters: Sehnsuchtsort Sinai? Eine israelische Kulturgeschichte der ägyptischen Halbinsel, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2018, 368 S. (Sebastian Kunze)

Gabriele Metzler/Dirk Schumann (Hg.): Geschlechter(un)ordnung und Politik in der Weimarer Republik, Schriftenreihe der Stiftung Reichspräsident-Friedrich-Ebert-Gedenkstätte, Bd. 16, Bonn: Dietz Verlag, 2016, 306 S. (Martin Arndt)

Hilmar Hoffmann: Generation Hitlerjugend. Reflexionen über eine Verführung, Frankfurt a. M.: Axel Dielmann Verlag 2018, 598 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Lucía Díaz-Iglesias Llanos: Naref and Osiris Naref. A Study in Herakleopolitan Religious Tradition (= Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, Beihefte, Bd. 3), Berlin/Boston: Verlag de Gruyter 2017, VIII + 387 S. (Stefan Bojowald)

Siegfried Suckut (Hg.): Volkes Stimmen. „Ehrlich, aber deutlich“ – Privatbriefe an die DDR-Regierung, München: dtv Verlag 2016, 2. Aufl., 576 S. (Alexander Lorenz)

 

ABSTRACTS

Richard Faber: Moderne Gnosis, jenseits von Christen- wie Judentum Anmerkungen zu und Erinnerungen an Jacob Taubes, aus Anlass des von Herbert Kopp-Oberstebrink und Martin Treml herausgegebenen Aufsatzbandes „Apokalypse und Politik“

This essay focusses on contextualizing several of the contributions gathered in what is probably the latest anthology dedicated to Jacob Taubes. The author does question the criteria for choosing the contributions since several works have been left out and are not even mentioned in the bibliography and suggests that the title “Gnosis and politics” would be a much better fijit for the anthology instead of the chosen “Apocalypse and politics”, especially with regard to Paulinism as an undoubtedly central concept of Taubes’ work. Not least because the author places Taubes beyond Judaism as well as Christianity, as argued in one of the main theses of this essay: Taubes never let himself be caged in any “orthodoxy”; instead he emphatically embraced being an “heretic” or “gnostic” – for Eric Voegelin and the like-minded the devil incarnate. The author does understand their position, e.g. from a perspective of Carl Schmitt, but cautions about such a demonization, last but not least in regards to the person of the doubtlessly difffijicult intellectual himself: Taubes’ passionate Anti-Nietzscheanism, the negative counterpart to his Propaulinism is based on personally sufffered contemporary history: the inescapable experience of the Shoah.

 

Thomas L. Gertzen: Die Vorträge des Assyriologen Friedrich Delitzsch über Babel und Bibel und die Reaktionen der deutschen Juden. Orientalismus und Antisemitismus in der Altorientalistik

At the beginning of the 20th century, Friedrich Delitzsch postulated in several public lectures that the study of cuneiform texts would marginalize the importance of the Old Testament because it could be traced back to Babylonian precursors. The ensuing ‘Babel-Bible Controversy’ has been dealt with extensively, but some aspects, e.g. the reactions of German Jewry, remain to be scrutinized more closely. In this context, Delitzsch’s anti-Semitic publications, beginning in the 1920s, will also be considered.

 

Johannes Frankow: Hingabe als Weg in den Untergang. Ein Vergleich von Stendhals Julien Sorel mit Herman Melvilles Kapitän Ahab

This paper aims to compare Julien Sorel and Captain Ahab, the main characters of two Nineteenth Century novels, The Red and The Black and Moby-Dick, using the term devotion [Hingabe] as analysis criterion, which is of crucial importance for both fijigures. For both Sorel and Ahab there exists a signifijicant discrepancy between their respective personal circumstances and the aims to which they are devoting their actions and fijinally their lives – namely social uplift in the fijirst case, and revenge on the White Whale for incurred suffferings as well as longing for insight into the world’s real conditions in the second. This leads, at least regarding the dimension of actions, to very closely related endeavours in solving this discrepancy. Thus it becomes possible to understand these two novels not primarily as exponents of two specifijic National literatures, but rather as two ideal-typical examples regarding the actions of certain social groups in certain historical and social situations.

 

David Wyatt Aiken: On the Death of God A Post-mortem Reflection on a “Life”

The intent of this paper is to tease out some of the more signifijicant philosophical and methodological ramifijications of the research presented in a recently published study, entitled “Philosophy, Archaeology and the Bible. Is Emperor Julian’s Contra Galilaeos a Plausible Critique of Christianity?” ( Journal of Late Antique Religion and Culture 11 (2017), S. 1-37; E-ISSN: 1754-517X). In clear, the premise of this paper admits as plausible the argument advanced by Emperor Julian in his treatise Contra Galilaeos, i.e., that the triune Supreme Being articulated and adopted by the Christian theologians is not the God of the Bible, but rather a transformation and adaptation of the God of the Greek philosophers, which was fijirst articulated by the pre-Socratic Xenophanes (c. 570 - c. 475 BC). There is also good reason to think that, as articulated by the Christian thinkers and as an “Entity” supposedly grounded in the biblical texts, the Christian God is simply a flawed philosophical “Idea”. Because the “profijile” of the God of the Christians is in such evident conflict with the “profijile” of the Yahweh of the Hebrew Bible, one must necessarily conclude that there is not One God of the entire Bible. Indeed, this deduction is not new on this telling, but was already a signifijicant element in some variations of early Christian Gnosticism, Neo-Platonism, and Manichaeism. The preponderance of evidence, archeological, textual, and contextual, strongly supports the claim that the God of the Christians is anhistorical – a Deity of Logic born out of the speculations of the earliest Hellenized Christian philosophers. The God of the Christian theologians corresponds to the highest ideals of western NeoPlatonic thought, and bears no comparison, either in actions or character, to the historico-geographical deities present in the Hebrew Bible. At this point, then, it is necessary to begin reconstructing “the rest of the story” for Christianity and the West

 

Heft 4

 

AUFSÄTZE

Jan van den Berg: The Development of Modern Deism

Isaac Kalimi: Martin Luther, die Juden und Esther. Bibelinterpretation im Schatten der Judenfeindschaft

Julius H. Schoeps: Zwischen Kollaboration, Verrat und Handlungszwängen. Ein beklemmendes Kapitel europäisch-jüdischer Beziehungsgeschichte in der Zeit der Nazi-Herrschaft

 

MISZELLE

Martina Bitunjac: Widerstand in Zeiten der Kollaboration: Erzbischof Alojzije Stepinacs Hilfe für Verfolgte im Zweiten Weltkrieg

 

REZENSIONEN

Thomas Mann: Joseph und seine Brüder I. Die Geschichten Jaakobs/Der junge Joseph. Kommentar (Große kommentierte Frankfurter Ausgabe, 7.2), hrsg. von Jan Assmann, Dieter Borchmeyer und Stephan Stachorski, Frankfurt a. M.: Fischer Verlag 2018, 937 S.; ders.: Joseph und seine Brüder II. Joseph in Ägypten/Joseph, der Ernährer. Kommentar (Große kommentierte Frankfurter Ausgabe, 8.2), hrsg. von Jan Assmann, Dieter Borchmeyer und Stephan Stachorski, Frankfurt a. M.: Fischer Verlag 2018, 1142 S. (Reinhard Mehring)

Jacobus de Voragine: Legenda Aurea – Goldene Legende/Jacopo da Varazze Legendae Sanctorum – Legenden der Heiligen; Einleitung, Edition, Übersetzung und Kommentar von Bruno W. Häuptli (Fontes Christiani, Sonderband), 2 Teile, Freiburg/Basel/Wien: Herder 2014, 2460 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Frank Voigt/Nicos Tzanakis Papadakis/Jan Loheit/Konstantin Baehrens (Hg.): Material und Begriff. Arbeitsverfahren und theoretische Beziehungen Walter Benjamins (Sonderband, Neue Folge AS 322), Hamburg: Argument-Verlag, 2019, 319 S. (Wolfgang Bock)

 

ABSTRACTS

Jan van den Berg: The Development of Modern Deism

Deism did not die after the last English deist of the eighteenth century closed his eyes. In England, in America, and on the continent it continued its way. Deism has struggled itself out of a negative image into a modern concept of viewing the world. It has never been dead, it made a comeback. The loose form of defijinition may have helped this development. Asking for the development of modern deism we can use the six categories used by Antoine Vergote to defijine deism: the rejection of religious authorities, the rejection of divine revelation, the rejection of an interventionist God, a universally inclusive ecumenism, a leaning towards cosmological models of explaining the world, and the sixth characteristic: the repulsion experienced towards the idea that a loving father accepts the death of his son as a basis for the salvation of all mankind. This deism, not a movement, but an evaporation of a misty religious nebulosity, has since times been on the march. The articles in The Wall Street Journal online and in the New Statesman are telling signals. Modern means of communication will do the rest. Many modern Christians, including myself, are sensitive to the arguments. It is not without reason that the criticism of this modern deism has especially come from evangelical sides. But for those Christians who have passed by the manysided ways of the Enlightenment it will open ‘a never ending divine horizon of all reality’

 

Isaac Kalimi: Martin Luther, die Juden und Esther. Bibelinterpretation im Schatten der Judenfeindschaft

Martin Luther refers to the Book of Esther and its Jewish fijigures in all kinds of his writings. Although Luther showed a respectful attitude towards the book’s Jewish heroes, especially in the early stage of his career as a reformer, later he severely criticized the very existence of the book, and used it to support his anti-Semitic attacks against the Jews. These contradictory aspects of Luther’s perspective are examined here against the background of his general attitude towards the Old Testament, as well as towards Jews and Judaism in the last four decades of his life and career. Luther never accepted (post-biblical) Judaism as a legitimate continuity of the biblical Israel and its heritage. He was tolerant and friendly towards the Jews as people in the early stage, hoping to cause them to accept his newly reshaped Christianity. Nonetheless, he became xenophobic and antagonistic towards the Jews later on. Most likely, these two themes run together, side by side, in Luther’s life as a Protestant Reformer: Luther’s early sympathy for the fijigures and later hostility to the Book of Esther (and 2 Maccabees) is part of and parallel to his early friendly and later anti-Judaic polemics.

 

Julius H. Schoeps: Zwischen Kollaboration, Verrat und Handlungszwängen. Ein beklemmendes Kapitel europäisch-jüdischer Beziehungsgeschichte in der Zeit der Nazi-Herrschaft

A particularly dark chapter in the history of European-Jewish relations during the “Third Reich” involves the cooperation of individual Jewish Community leaders and functionaries with Nazi authorities, in particular the cooperation between a few single Jewish Community leaders and the Gestapo. This “cooperation” was partially born of the overall coercion, but in some cases was also marked by denunciation and betrayal. In order to avoid being deported themselves and to save their own skins, there were isolated cases of Jewish men and women who agreed to track down other Jews and hand them over to the authorities, knowing full well what they were doing.