70. Jahrgang 2018

 

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

 

AUFSÄTZE

Ines Sonder Joachim Nicolas Trezib Erkaufte Heimat Die RASSCO und die Ansiedlung der Deutschen Alija in Erez Israel (1933-1948)

Benedikt Brunner Ein „singender Stotterer“ – Walter Dirks und die „Kulturkrise“ der Weimarer Republik

Jürgen Grosse Ennui und Cafard. Ciorans Transformation eines Pascalschen Topos

Narjes Khodaee: Über die Bedeutung der Mystik und Liebe im Hafijis’schen Diwan Liebeslyrik in der Zeit der Gewaltherrschaft

 

MISZELLEN

Joachim H. Knoll: Vom Wandel des Zeitgeistes und der veränderten Lebensstile

Helmut Peitsch: Eine Biographie des revolutionären Demokraten Georg Forster als Warnung vor „Radikalitätsbereitschaft“

 

REZENSIONEN

Irmtraut Munro: The Golden Book of the Dead of Amenemhet, (=Handschriften des Altägyptischen Totenbuches 14), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2015, XI-XII, 1-72, Tafel 1-58, Photo-Tafel 1-31. (Stefan Bojowald)

Bernadett Bigalke: Lebensreform und Esoterik um 1900. Die Leipziger alternativ-religiöse Szene am Beispiel der Internationalen Theosophischen Verbrüderung, Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2016, 577 S. (Martin Arndt)

Rüdiger Ahrens: Bündische Jugend. Eine neue Geschichte 1918-1933, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag 2015, 477 S. (Daniel Benedikt Stienen)

Jan Gerber: Ein Prozess in Prag. Das Volk gegen Rudolf Slánský und Genossen, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2016, 296 S. (Doris Maja Krüger)

 

ABSTRACTS

Ines Sonder Joachim Nicolas Trezib Erkaufte Heimat Die RASSCO und die Ansiedlung der Deutschen Alija in Erez Israel (1933-1948)

The article focuses in a fijirst monographic study on the history of the so-called RASSCO (Rural and Suburban Settlement Company), a building company founded in 1934 by the Jewish Agency. It was established within the context of the Haavara Agreement to facilitate the transfer of fijinancial assets of German Jews to Palestine and provide them with housing after their emigration. As a case study, the article examines the middle class settlement of Beth Jizchak (1939).

 

Benedikt Brunner Ein „singender Stotterer“ – Walter Dirks und die „Kulturkrise“ der Weimarer Republik

Walter Dirks was a leading left catholic and public intellectual in West Germany after 1945. His experiences during the Interwar years are of utmost importance for the understanding of his intellectual profijile. After a short biographical overview, this article analyses several facets of Dirks’ cultural criticism, for instance his commitment for the pacifijist artist George Grosz. The remainder of the article deals with Dirks’ endeavor to understand the National Socialist movement since the early 1930s. Especially his “faintness”, as he called his conciliatory rhetoric in the year 1933, will be critically reviewed. The publicist and intellectual, who Dirks became after 1945, cannot be properly understood without these experiences.

 

Jürgen Grosse Ennui und Cafard. Ciorans Transformation eines Pascalschen Topos

Since in Paris exile, the Romanian thinker and writer Emil Cioran (1911-1995) had been continuously revising his literary style. One of the most referred and quoted role-models in that process of re-orientation was Blaise Pascal. Cioran interprets the Pascalian ennui as a metaphor of the intellectual’s as well as of man’s condition d’être. He points out the religious background of the ennui in opposition to any attempt of philosophical sublimation. In Cioran’s view, the cafard is the everyday version of metaphysics in a godforsaken world.

 

Narjes Khodaee: Über die Bedeutung der Mystik und Liebe im Hafijis’schen Diwan Liebeslyrik in der Zeit der Gewaltherrschaft

Hafijiz is a poet who draws on intellectual movements and poetic traditions of his time; however, he mixes the borrowed elements in his own way and grants words multiple meanings. He puts a new spirit in the ancient frames and creates a new poetic and harmonic horizon, which is full of pure humanistic thoughts. It stands up as a strong rampart against a world full of insularity and intolerance. His love poems integrate secular tangible images and metaphors with elements from the Neo-Platonic and Islamic mystic thoughts in which love assumes a transcendental idealistic aspect. This article, with a review of poetic traditions and philosophical contexts and deliberation on the specifijications of the history of Iran in the fourteenth century, examines the special features of Hafijiz’s love poems and makes the proposition that his love poems have a socio-political dimension, which is reflected in his poems in a negative way. Love as viewed in Hafijiz’s poems as an absolute concept is a reflection of the totalitarian social relations in an era when political and social cruelties of the rulinggovernments imposed by the Mongols were widespread.

 

 

Heft 2

 

AUFSÄTZE

Hülya Adak: The Legacy of André Nikolaievitch Mandelstam (1869-1949) and the early History of Human Rights

Rolf Hosfeld: Moral Politics, Interventionism and International Justice. Remarks on Johannes Lepsius

Fatma Müge Göçek: The 2007 Assassination of Hrant Dink through the Lenses of History, Memory and Emotions

Norbert Mecklenburg: Darstellung des nicht Darstellbaren. Der Völkermord an den Armeniern im Spiegel literarischer Werke

 

MISZELLE

Julius H. Schoeps: Der verdrängte Genoid

 

REZENSIONEN

Kirsten Staudt: Strategien des Gehörtwerdens. Der Völkermord an den Armeniern als Politikum: ein deutsch-französischer Vergleich, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2015, 362 S. (Roy Knocke)

Michelle Tusan: Humanitarianism and Imperial Politics from Gladstone to Churchill, London: I. B. Tauris 2017, 294 p. (Thomas Schmutz)

Rolf Hosfeld / Christin Pschichholz (Hg.): Das Deutsche Reich und der Völkermord an den Armeniern, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag 2017, 317 S. (Oliver Stein)

Taner Akçam: Naim Efendi’nin Hatıratı ve Talat Paşa Telgrafları. Krikor Gergeryan Arşivi [The memoir of Naim Efendi and Talat Pasha’s Telegrams: Krikor Gergerian Archive], Istanbul: Iletişim 2016, 278 p. (Öndercan Muti)

Hans-Lukas Kieser: Talaat Pasha – Father of Modern Turkey. Architect of Genocide, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2018, 584 p. (Stefan Ihrig)

 

ABSTRACTS

Hülya Adak: The Legacy of André Nikolaievitch Mandelstam (1869-1949) and the early History of Human Rights

With the exception of a few academic articles written in the past decade, the legacy and signifijicance of André N. Mandelstam’s works remain unexplored. An analysis of his magnanimous book, Le Sort de L’Empire Ottoman (1917), La Société des Nations et Les Puissances devant le problem armenien (1926) and Der internationale Schutz der Menschenrechte und die New Yorker Erklärung des Instituts für Völkerrecht (1931) could lead to a deeper understanding of the development of human rights in the interwar era, the need for international law and intervention with regard to the atrocities against Ottoman Armenians, the entanglements and discussions around the move from minority protection to human rights, and the reasons behind the silences regarding Mandelstam’s legacy in the fijive decades from the 1940s to the late 1990s. An exploration of Mandelstam’s works is particularly necessary in the Turkish context.

 

Rolf Hosfeld: Moral Politics, Interventionism and International Justice. Remarks on Johannes Lepsius

The early history of human rights movements – often combined with relief activities for victims – is a fijield of civil society history that needs more and detailed research. Much of it can be focused on the pro-Armenia campaigns between the late 19th century and the 1920s. This essay concentrates on Johannes Lepsius, whom Franz Werfel has labeled the “guardian angel” of the Armenians in his novel The Forty Days of Musa Dagh. His influence on public opinion in Germany and Europe has been outstanding. Being in opposition to the mainstream of German Eastern policies in the 1890s, he nevertheless for a time believed that “ethical” imperialism could be a possible key (and even model) combination of moral imperatives and political power realism, at least until the beginning of the Armenian Genocide in spring 1915. The story of his activities with all its contradictions is telling, also as a mirror of his time.

 

Fatma Müge Göçek: The 2007 Assassination of Hrant Dink through the Lenses of History, Memory and Emotions

On 19 January 2007, Hrant Dink, the 52-year-old journalist and editor-in-chief of the bilingual Armenian Turkish Agos newspaper, was assassinated in broad daylight. This article reinterprets the Dink assassination through the lenses of history, memory and emotions which manage, I argue, to go beyond the current ambiguous interpretations of this horrifijic event. The article commences with existing scholarly analyses of the Hrant Dink assassination, to then continue with the narratives of the Hrant Dink assassination told through the lenses of history, memory and emotions. It ends by concluding that the Dink assassination is yet another episode in systemic Turkish state violence.

 

Norbert Mecklenburg: Darstellung des nicht Darstellbaren. Der Völkermord an den Armeniern im Spiegel literarischer Werke

The article reviews the contribution of international literature about the memory of the Ottoman genocide of the Armenians – summarized as ‘Aghet-literature’. Especially texts by Armenian, Turkish and German authors are mentioned. Literary works that are most artistically capable of coping with the key problem of ‘representing the unrepresentable’ are emphasized by a more detailed description and acknowledgement.

 

 

Heft 3

 

AUFSÄTZE

Ursula Reitemeyer: Zur praktischen Funktion der Metaphysik im Zeitalter der Vernunft Mendelssohn und Kant im Schnittpunkt der Berliner Aufklärung

Ulrich van der Heyden: Wider den Kolonialismus! Antikoloniale Haltungen in der deutschen Geschichte von Mitte der 1880er-Jahre bis zum Beginn der 1930er-Jahre – Ein Überblick

Dimitry Okropiridze und Inken Prohl: Von der Sinnlichkeit zu Sitzen – Zazen als materialsemiotische Praxis

 

MISZELLEN

Hans Martin Dober: Philosophie der Existenz und Theologie des Wortes Gottes: Hans Ehrenberg im Kontext

Klaus Benesch: Das Versagen der Schrift Gestik und Aufklärung in Melvilles Billy Budd, Sailor (An Inside Narrative)

 

REZENSIONEN

Richard Faber/Almut-Barbara Renger (Hg.): Religion und Literatur. Konvergenzen und Divergenzen, Würzburg: Verlag Königshausen & Neumann 2017, 440 S. (Alma Wallraff)

Bernd Fischer, Ein Anderer Blick. Saul Aschers politische Schriften, Wien/Köln/Weimar: Böhlau Verlag 2016, 194 S. (Martin Arndt)

Christoph Böhr (Hg.): Zum Grund des Seins: Metaphysik und Anthropologie nach dem Ende der Postmoderne. Rémi Brague zu Ehren (=Das Bild vom Menschen und die Ordnung der Gesellschaft), Wiesbaden: Springer VS 2016, 276 S. (Martin Arndt)

Sven Felix Kellerhoff: Die NSDAP. Eine Partei und ihre Mitglieder, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta 2017, 460 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Jack Jacobs (Hg.): Jews and Leftist Politics. Judaism, Israel, Antisemitism, and Gender. New York: Cambridge University Press 2017, 374 S. (Jakob Stürmann)

Samuel C. Heilman: Who Will Lead us? The Story of Five Hasidic Dynasties in America, Oakland, California: University of California Press 2017, XVII S. und 318 S. (Yizhak Ahren)

 

ABSTRACTS

Ursula Reitemeyer: Zur praktischen Funktion der Metaphysik im Zeitalter der Vernunft Mendelssohn und Kant im Schnittpunkt der Berliner Aufklärung

In contrast to the English and French enlightenment the German enlightenment was dominated by metaphysical topics and the dispute between revealed and natural/rational religion. Mendelssohn and Kant, both coming from Chr. Wolff, defended metaphysics as the theoretical fundament of moral, political and societal improvement, but differed in the question how to reform its outdated methods in view of the rapid developments in the field of (natural) sciences.

 

Ulrich van der Heyden: Wider den Kolonialismus! Antikoloniale Haltungen in der deutschen Geschichte von Mitte der 1880er-Jahre bis zum Beginn der 1930er-Jahre – Ein Überblick

In historiography, as well as in the manifold topics on German colonial history that have been widely debated in public in recent years, the criticism and even rejection of colonialism, rooted in the population of the German Empire as well as in the Weimar Republic, is often ignored. Representatives of three anti-colonial or colonial-critical political currents were active in those days, to wit, who have however only sporadically been the subject of research. These colonial-critical representatives were, for the most part, Christian missionaries, individual personalities of the upper middle classes such as the politician Mathias Erzberger and the pacifist Hans Paasche, as well as prominent representatives of the German workers’ movement, especially those of social democracy. The article provides information on the political attitudes of the representatives of these currents and their outcomes.

 

Dimitry Okropiridze und Inken Prohl: Von der Sinnlichkeit zu Sitzen – Zazen als materialsemiotische Praxis

This paper examines the practice of Zazen or “just sitting” from a comparative semiotic perspective. Although the practice in the traditional Japanese context is identical to the modernized European and American discourse, the interpretations of Zazen differ significantly. We analyze this paradox with the semiotic theory of Charles Sanders Peirce and the broader framework of Material Religion.

 

 

Heft 4

Jubiläumsheft zum 70-jährigen Bestehen der ZRGG

 

Julius H. Schoeps : Vorwort zum 70. Bestehen der Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte

 

AUFSÄTZE

Barbara Schneider-Kempf und Martin Hollender: Die Digitalisierung und „das Digitale“. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der virtuellen Literaturversorgung am Beispiel der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin

Elke-Vera Kotowski: „Heimat“-Objekte. Digitale Reise in eine analoge Welt der deutsch-jüdischen Immigration in Lateinamerika 

Rachel Heuberger: Jüdisches Kulturerbe in der digitalen Welt – Das Judaica Portal der Universitätsbibliothek JCS Frankfurt am Main

Philipp Ahner: Im Zusammenspiel der Dinge. Musik(-Lernen) und Digitalisierung als iterativer Prozess

 

MISZELLE

Joachim H. Knoll: „Auf der Suche nach der Welt von morgen“. Anmerkungen über Befunde, Aufregungen und Angstszenarien in Politik, Wissenschaft und öffentlicher Meinung zum digitalen Zeitalter

 

REZENSIONEN

Anna Neumaier: religion@home? Religionsbezogene Online-Plattformen und ihre Nutzung. Eine Untersuchung zu neuen Formen gegenwärtiger Religiosität, Religion in der Gesellschaft, Bd. 39, Würzburg: Ergon Verlag 2016, 478 S.

Fotis Jannidis/Hubertus Kohle/Malte Rehbein (Hg.): Digital Humanities. Eine Einführung, Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler 2017, 370 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Michael Knoche: Die Idee der Bibliothek und ihre Zukunft, Göttingen: Wallstein 2018, 137 S. (Sarah Jaglitz)

 

ABSTRACTS

Barbara Schneider-Kempf und Martin Hollender: Die Digitalisierung und „das Digitale“. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der virtuellen Literaturversorgung am Beispiel der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin

Using the example of the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, the article discusses the current and predictable future significance of digital reproductions and the fundamental significance of the digital for the supply of scientific literature by libraries. The article looks at the paid services offered by commercial providers, the facilitation of research by retro-digitization of historical prints and manuscripts in open access which, however, is limited by the copyright when it comes to the digitization of contemporary sources, as well as the increasingly “digital library” and the role of the humanities research library as a partner of digital humanities. Finally, the essay advocates an even stricter qualitative equalization of the conventional analogue library visits with the virtual use of the digital library online.

 

Elke-Vera Kotowski: „Heimat“-Objekte. Digitale Reise in eine analoge Welt der deutsch-jüdischen Immigration in Lateinamerika 

Knowledge and tradition manifested especially in objects brought and saved when fleeing Germany after 1933 not only reminds of the former homeland in exile, but also reflects it one-to-one (this is particularly apparent in the living and eating culture). Thus, these objects become bearers of the old world’s cultural traditions. In a project at the Moses Mendelssohn Center in Potsdam, a digitization concept is currently being developed that collects and contextualizes objects of exile.

 

Rachel Heuberger: Jüdisches Kulturerbe in der digitalen Welt – Das Judaica Portal der Universitätsbibliothek JCS Frankfurt am Main

Jewish Studies today are highly influenced by the increasing use of digital technologies in research and teaching. The Judaica Division of the University Library Frankfurt am Main being the most extensive Judaica collection in Germany, has digitized its historic collection and offers access to its historic sources through a variety of portals and services. Thus the collection, originating in donations by Jewish philanthropists and fortunately surviving the destructions of the Holocaust, plays an important role in presenting Jewish cultural heritage in the digital world.

 

Philipp Ahner: Im Zusammenspiel der Dinge. Musik(-Lernen) und Digitalisierung als iterativer Prozess

Bipolar patterns of argumentation of music and digitization in the sense of culturalism and technicism obscure the view of music-related developments in the context of technological innovations. Instead, current approaches in technology-related sociology provide important impulses for explaining music-related transformation processes. From a phenomenological perspective, in the second part, dimensions of media as well as technological innovations and adaptations focused on music as sound are discussed. From the large spectrum of current transformation processes, the third part describes changes and challenges in music-related processes in the education sector in relation to music and digitization.