70. Jahrgang 2018

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

 

AUFSÄTZE

Ines Sonder Joachim Nicolas Trezib Erkaufte Heimat Die RASSCO und die Ansiedlung der Deutschen Alija in Erez Israel (1933-1948)

Benedikt Brunner Ein „singender Stotterer“ – Walter Dirks und die „Kulturkrise“ der Weimarer Republik

Jürgen Grosse Ennui und Cafard. Ciorans Transformation eines Pascalschen Topos

Narjes Khodaee: Über die Bedeutung der Mystik und Liebe im Hafijis’schen Diwan Liebeslyrik in der Zeit der Gewaltherrschaft

 

MISZELLEN

Joachim H. Knoll: Vom Wandel des Zeitgeistes und der veränderten Lebensstile

Helmut Peitsch: Eine Biographie des revolutionären Demokraten Georg Forster als Warnung vor „Radikalitätsbereitschaft“

 

REZENSIONEN

Irmtraut Munro: The Golden Book of the Dead of Amenemhet, (=Handschriften des Altägyptischen Totenbuches 14), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2015, XI-XII, 1-72, Tafel 1-58, Photo-Tafel 1-31. (Stefan Bojowald)

Bernadett Bigalke: Lebensreform und Esoterik um 1900. Die Leipziger alternativ-religiöse Szene am Beispiel der Internationalen Theosophischen Verbrüderung, Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2016, 577 S. (Martin Arndt)

Rüdiger Ahrens: Bündische Jugend. Eine neue Geschichte 1918-1933, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag 2015, 477 S. (Daniel Benedikt Stienen)

Jan Gerber: Ein Prozess in Prag. Das Volk gegen Rudolf Slánský und Genossen, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2016, 296 S. (Doris Maja Krüger)

 

ABSTRACTS

Ines Sonder Joachim Nicolas Trezib Erkaufte Heimat Die RASSCO und die Ansiedlung der Deutschen Alija in Erez Israel (1933-1948)

The article focuses in a fijirst monographic study on the history of the so-called RASSCO (Rural and Suburban Settlement Company), a building company founded in 1934 by the Jewish Agency. It was established within the context of the Haavara Agreement to facilitate the transfer of fijinancial assets of German Jews to Palestine and provide them with housing after their emigration. As a case study, the article examines the middle class settlement of Beth Jizchak (1939).

 

Benedikt Brunner Ein „singender Stotterer“ – Walter Dirks und die „Kulturkrise“ der Weimarer Republik

Walter Dirks was a leading left catholic and public intellectual in West Germany after 1945. His experiences during the Interwar years are of utmost importance for the understanding of his intellectual profijile. After a short biographical overview, this article analyses several facets of Dirks’ cultural criticism, for instance his commitment for the pacifijist artist George Grosz. The remainder of the article deals with Dirks’ endeavor to understand the National Socialist movement since the early 1930s. Especially his “faintness”, as he called his conciliatory rhetoric in the year 1933, will be critically reviewed. The publicist and intellectual, who Dirks became after 1945, cannot be properly understood without these experiences.

 

Jürgen Grosse Ennui und Cafard. Ciorans Transformation eines Pascalschen Topos

Since in Paris exile, the Romanian thinker and writer Emil Cioran (1911-1995) had been continuously revising his literary style. One of the most referred and quoted role-models in that process of re-orientation was Blaise Pascal. Cioran interprets the Pascalian ennui as a metaphor of the intellectual’s as well as of man’s condition d’être. He points out the religious background of the ennui in opposition to any attempt of philosophical sublimation. In Cioran’s view, the cafard is the everyday version of metaphysics in a godforsaken world.

 

Narjes Khodaee: Über die Bedeutung der Mystik und Liebe im Hafijis’schen Diwan Liebeslyrik in der Zeit der Gewaltherrschaft

Hafijiz is a poet who draws on intellectual movements and poetic traditions of his time; however, he mixes the borrowed elements in his own way and grants words multiple meanings. He puts a new spirit in the ancient frames and creates a new poetic and harmonic horizon, which is full of pure humanistic thoughts. It stands up as a strong rampart against a world full of insularity and intolerance. His love poems integrate secular tangible images and metaphors with elements from the Neo-Platonic and Islamic mystic thoughts in which love assumes a transcendental idealistic aspect. This article, with a review of poetic traditions and philosophical contexts and deliberation on the specifijications of the history of Iran in the fourteenth century, examines the special features of Hafijiz’s love poems and makes the proposition that his love poems have a socio-political dimension, which is reflected in his poems in a negative way. Love as viewed in Hafijiz’s poems as an absolute concept is a reflection of the totalitarian social relations in an era when political and social cruelties of the rulinggovernments imposed by the Mongols were widespread.