67. Jahrgang 2015

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

 

AUFSÄTZE

Stefan Breuer: Max Weber, das Charisma und Erwin Rohde, pp. 1-16

Eirini Afentoulidou: Gesellschaftliche Vorstellungen in den byzantinischen Berichten von posthumen Zollstationen, pp.17-42

William C. McDonald: Cain, Originator of Murder and Rapine Michel Beheim’s Song-Poem Von Caÿn, with a Translation, pp. 43-63

Franka Marquardt: "Durchaus ein jüdischer Roman?" Judentum, Antisemitismus und die wechselhafte Rezeptionsgeschichte von Georg Hermanns Jettchen Gebert

 

MISZELLE

Boris Paschke: Die Anfänge des Christomonismus in den apokryphen Johannesakten, pp. 85-89

 

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 90-103

Dionigi Albera und Maria Couroucli (Hg.): Sharing Sacred Spaces in the Mediterranean: Christians, Muslims, and Jews at Shrines and Sanctuaries, Bloomington: Indiana University Press 2012, 290 S. (Jens Kreinath)

James T. Robinson: Ascetism, Eschatology, Opposition to Philosophy. The Arabic Translation and Commentary of Salmon ben Yeroham on Qohelet (Ecclesiastes), Leiden/Boston: Brill 2012 (= Études sur le Judaïsme Médiéval 45, Karaite Texts and Studies 5), XV + 645 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Otto Kaiser: Philo von Alexandrien. Denkender Glaube – Eine Einführung, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2015, 331 S. (Friedrich W. Horn)

Dieter Adelmann, Die Tränen des Henri Quatre. Ein Essay, aus dem Nachlass herausgegeben, ergänzt und mit einem einleitenden Vorwort versehen von Görge K. Hasselhoff (Schriften aus dem Nachlass von Dieter Adelmann Band 2), Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam 2014, 112 S. (Knut Martin Stünkel)

Hans Martin Dober/Matthias Morgenstern (Hg.): Religion aus den Quellen der Vernunft. Hermann Cohen und das evangelische Christentum, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2012, 258 S. (Martin Arndt)

Ezra Mendelsohn/Stefani Hoffman/Richard Cohen (Hg.): Against The Grain. Jewish Intellectuals in Hard Times, New York/Oxford: Berghahn Books 2014, XIX + 305 S. (Mario Keßler)

 

ABSTRACTS

Stefan Breuer: Max Weber, das Charisma und Erwin Rohde

Max Weber and Erwin Rohde were colleagues at the University of Heidelberg only for a short time, but there is evidence that Weber took notice of Rohde’s opus magnum on the history of Greek Religion, Psyche, in particular of its insights into the ecstatic and magical aspects of religious experience. Weber used these insights for an amplification of his concept of charismatic authority, which otherwise was very much influenced by Rudolph Sohm, who stressed more the rational aspects. Weber’s distinction between magical and religious charisma thus can be traced back to Rohde and Sohm.

Eirini Afentoulidou: Gesellschaftliche Vorstellungen in den byzantinischen Berichten von posthumen Zollstationen

The idea that the soul ascends through the air to heaven immediately after death, while demons act as tollkeepers and demand accountability for its sins, was one of the Byzantine notions of posthumous individual judgement. By the Middle Byzantine times, the basic rules of the aerial tollhouses had crystallised: Justice is serviced by applying the law, without the personal involvement of a judge; there is no place for intercession or mercy; one is saved or condemned by the sum of their own deeds alone; angels and demons are both part of a fair civil process; the space between heaven and earth is governed by the divine law. The aim of this article is to investigate Byzantine perceptions of authority and the position of the individual, as conveyed in these texts.

William C. McDonald: Cain, Originator of Murder and Rapine Michel Beheim’s Song-Poem Von Caÿn, with a Translation

Around the middle of the fifteenth century Michel Beheim, the renowned author of songpoems (Sangspruch), crafted a short composition on the biblical Cain, Von Caÿn. In it Beheim skillfully summarizes the medieval legendary material on Cain, from his birth to his murder by Lamech, his kinsman. Von Caÿn was inspired by Peter Comestor’s Historia scholastica, as transmitted by vernacular popular Bibles (Historienbibeln) and the apocryphal Adam-books. Michel Beheim, insufficiently regarded as an exponent of lay piety, presents Cain primarily as a warning example for his audiences of lay nobles. Although Cain commits many sins (among which are murder and plunder) Beheim’s intention is to depict him primarily as a human being who sins, rather than as an allegory. As such, Cain is meant to serve as a negative role model for the laity.

FRANKA Marquardt:  "Durchaus ein jüdischer Roman?" Judentum, Antisemitismus und die wechselhafte Rezeptionsgeschichte von Georg Hermanns Jettchen Gebert

Georg Hermann (1871–1943) was one of the most successful German authors of his time; particularly his famous novel Jettchen Geberts Geschichte (1906/1908) was broadly acclaimed by critics, regardless of confessional, political or regional boundaries. In 1996, a new edition of his works was begun, but left unfinished halfway, since all attempts to spark new interest in this former best-selling author failed. The article seeks to explain the persistent desinterest in Hermann today: While antisemitism does not seem to pose a problem for the assimilated Jews of Berlin populating Hermann’s novels, their fellows from the East are portraited as stereotypical ‘Ostjuden’, despised by the ‘Western’ Jews as much as by the narrator. While other forms of ‘Jewishness’ are hardly depicted, antisemitism appears as an attitude only of Jews towards each other. The article argues that precisely this recurring pattern could appeal to both Jews and non-Jews at the beginning of the last century, but seems an unbridgeable gap to readers today.

Zur Onlineausgabe ZRGG Heft 1 2015

 

Heft 2

 

AUFSÄTZE

Esteban Law: Zur Tradition der philosophischen Theologie in der griechischen Philosophie, pp. 105-119.

Görge K. Hasselhoff: Huldrych Zwinglis Verständnis von religio („Religion“), pp. 120-141.

Isabella Walser: Lorenzo Campeggis Promemoria ad Hadrianum Papam VI. de depravato statu Romanae Ecclesiae (1522) im religions-, gattungs- und literaturgeschichtlichem Kontext, pp. 142-166.

Dominique Trimbur: Christentum versus/als Deutschtum? Die deutsche Präsenz in Palästina, 1850-1898:  Facetten eines neuartigen Orientalismus, pp. 167-186.

 

MISZELLEN

Joachim H. Knoll: Bismarck im Lichte neuer Biografieforschung, pp. 187-193.

Jan Ole Bangen/Henriette Hanky: Wissen über den Körper und Wissen des Körpers. Bericht über die interdisziplinäre Ringvorlesung „Körperwissen: Transfer und Innovation“, pp. 194-198.

 

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 199-208.

Konrad Hammann: Hermann Gunkel. Eine Biographie, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2014, 439 S. (Friedrich W. Horn)

Armin Weber: Was ist Wirklichkeit? Studien zu Heimito von Doderers Romanwerk [=Schriftenreihe der Stipendiatinnen und Stipendiaten der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Bd. 41], Berlin u. a.: LIT Verlag 2013, 421 S. (Stefan Büttner-von Stülpnagel)

Gottfried Hofmann: Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy. Versuch einer Chronik seines Lebens, Münster: agenda 2014, (PDF-Datei) 140 S. (Knut Martin Stünkel)

Helen Roche: Sparta’s German children. The ideal of ancient Sparta in the Royal Prussian Cadet Corps, 1818–1920, and in National Socialist elite schools (the Napolas), 1933–1945, Swansea: The Classical Press of Wales 2013, 306 S. (Lukas Bormann)

Michael Fishbane/Joanna Weinberg (Hg.): Midrash Unbound. Transformations and Innovations, Oxford/Portland/OR: The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization 2013, VIII + 472 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Michael Hampe: Die Lehren der Philosophie. Eine Kritik. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2014, 455 S. (Martin Arndt)

 

ABSTRACTS

Esteban Law: Zur Tradition der philosophischen Theologie in der griechischen Philosophie

This paper presents, for the first time, a concept of philosophical theology within Greek philosophy which emerges from the ancient debate surrounding the essence and system of philosophy. Accordingly, philosophical theology stands for a particular philosophical form of logos, which in its threefold structure fundamentally presupposes Plato’s theology and which was widely accepted in the philosophy schools of the Roman Empire.

 

Görge K. Hasselhoff: Huldrych Zwinglis Verständnis von religio („Religion“)

The aim of this article is twofold. First, the question is raised as to how the Zurich reformer Huldrych Zwingli understood the Latin term religio, and second, how he positioned himself towards non Christian religions. Therefore, in the first part a short biographical sketch with special reference to his “religious” writings is given. In the second part that biography is followed by a survey of traditional definitions of religio from classical Roman and Christian authors from antiquity to Zwingli’s times. Finally, in the third part Zwingli’s main work “A commentary on true and false religio” is analysed with particular emphasis on the question as to how Zwingli employed and understood the term religio. That analytical part is followed by a survey of Zwingli’s understanding of Heathens, Muslims, and Jews.

 

Isabella Walser: Lorenzo Campeggis Promemoria ad Hadrianum Papam VI. de depravato statu Romanae Ecclesiae (1522) im religions-, gattungs- und literaturgeschichtlichen Kontext

In view of the religious commotion and the crisis in the Church at the beginning of the 16th century, Pope Adrian VI, elected in 1522 and known for his puritanical character, hoped to change the Church’s course decisively. Among the supporters of his will to reform was also the Italian cardinal Lorenzo Campeggi (1474-1539). His Promemoria ad Hadrianum Papam VI. de depravato statu Romanae Ecclesiae from 1522 bears true witness to that, but has, in addition, also a distinctive, yet overlooked, literary value.

 

Dominique Trimbur: Christentum versus/als Deutschtum? Die deutsche Präsenz in Palästina, 1850-1898:  Facetten eines neuartigen Orientalismus

The aim of this article is to present a less known aspect of Orientalism, the German catholic one, through the activities and presence of German catholic scientists and religious people in Palestine, from the middle of the 19th century onwards. After recalling the general aspects of German Orientalistik, the paper focuses on the German Orientalism, previously denied by Edward Said, in its Catholic appearance: institutions, establishments, personalities, perceptions and activities. By doing this, one perceives an evolution from a mere catholic preoccupation, to a German catholic one, to the benefit of the official imperial/imperialist policy conducted by the Kaiser and „friend of the Orientals“, William II. The analysis establishes also a comparison with the French case, the big rival which should be defeated. At the end, the German defeat during WWI almost annihilated the ambitious objectives.

Zur Onlineausgabe ZRGG Heft 2 2015

 

Heft 3-4

 

AUFSÄTZE

Dominik Fugger: Wie ein alter Text. Johann Conrad Dannhauer (1603-1666) und die frühneuzeitliche Ritualinterpretation, pp. 211-221.

Werner Treß: „Bekanntlich kein Freund der Juden“. Zur Rezeption der judenfeindlichen Schriften Martin Luthers im Umfeld des 300. Reformationsjubiläums 1817, pp. 222-243.

Julius H. Schoeps: Hat Hitler am Ende doch noch gesiegt? Europas Juden zwischen Shoa, Neuformierung und neuen Gefährdungen, pp. 244-258.

Khatuna Mstoiani/Olaf Glöckner: „Ich bin Mensch, und ich bin jüdischer Abstammung, das ist gut so, ja.“ Antisemitismuserfahrungen russischsprachiger Juden in der UdSSR, ihren Nachfolgestaaten und in der Wahlheimat Deutschland, pp. 259-277.

 

MISZELLEN:

Joachim H. Knoll: Humboldt ade? – Humboldt passé! Einige Gedanken zur Hochschulreform anlässlich des Buches von Julian Nida-Rümelin: Der Akademisierungswahn, Zur Krise beruflicherund akademischer Bildung, Bonn: Edition Körber-Stiftung 2014, 256 S, pp. 278-286.

Elke-Vera Kotowski: Der lokale Bezugsrahmen von Dingen und ihre Funktion als Akteur, Handlungsträger und Vermittler. Eine Projektskizze aus der Provinz, pp. 287-295.

 

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 296-334.

Heribert Tommek: Der lange Weg in die Gegenwartsliteratur. Studien zur Geschichte des literarischen Feldes in Deutschland von 1960 bis 2000, Berlin/München/Boston: de Gruyter 2015, VIII + 620 S. (Helmut Peitsch)

Ephraim Meir: Dialogical Thought and Identity Trans-Different Religiosity in Present Day Societies, Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter 2013, 235 S. (Martin Arndt)

Gideon Botsch/Josef Haverkamp (Hg.): Jugendbewegung, Antisemitismus und rechtsradikale Politik. Vom „Freideutschen Jugendtag“ bis zur Gegenwart, Berlin/Boston: deGruyter 2014, 294 S. (Andreas Greiert)

Sven Reichardt: Authentizität und Gemeinschaft. Linksalternatives Leben in den siebziger und frühen achtziger Jahren, Berlin: Suhrkamp 2014, 1018 S. (Martin Arndt)

Nikolai Wehrs: Protest der Professoren. Der Bund „Freiheit der Wissenschaft“ in den 1970er Jahren, Geschichte der Gegenwart, hg. v. Frank Bösch und Martin Sabrow, Band 9, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag 2014, 539 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Carl-Martin Hißler: Zwischen Liberalismus und Christentum. Die sozialethischen Aspekte der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft, Berlin: LIT-Verlag 2014, 356 S. (Daniel Dietzfelbinger)

Stefan Winterstein: Versuch gegen Heimito von Doderer. Über ‚Ordnungspein‘ und Faschismus,Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann 2014, 224 S. (Knut Martin Stünkel)

Christine Bach: Bürgersinn und Unternehmergeist. Stifter und Stiftungen in Hamburg nach 1945, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag 2014, 227 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Walter Busch/Chiara Conterno (Hg.): Weibliche jüdische Stimmen deutscher Lyrik aus der Zeit von Verfolgung und Exil, Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann 2012, 228 S. (Gabriella Pelloni)

Hans Blumenberg: Rigorismus der Wahrheit. „Moses der Ägypter“ und weitere Texte zu Freud und Arendt. Hg., komm. u. m. e. Nachw. v. Ahlrich Meyer, Berlin: Suhrkamp 2015, 134 S. (Martin Arndt)

Karin Stoverock: Musik in der Hitlerjugend. Organisation, Entwicklung, Kontexte. Bd. 1 u. 2, Uelvesbüll: Der Andere Verlag 2013, 832 +12+10 S. (Kurt Schilde)

Lena Berggren: Blodets Renhet. En historisk studie av svensk antisemitism, Malmö: Arx förlag 2014, 400 S. (Armin Pfahl-Traughber)

Ulrich Sieg: Geist und Gewalt. Deutsche Philosophen zwischen Kaiserreich und Nationalsozialismus, München: Carl Hanser Verlag 2013, 315 S. (Konstantin Baehrens)

Stefan George und sein Kreis. Ein Handbuch. Herausgegeben von Achim Aurnhammer, Wolfgang Braungart und Ute Oelmann in Zusammenarbeit mit Kai Kauffmann. Drei Bände, Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter 2012, 1888 S. (Justus H. Ulbricht)

Sarah Panter: Jüdische Erfahrungen und Loyalitätskonflikte im Ersten Weltkrieg (= Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte, Mainz, Bd. 235), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2014, 410 S. (Julius H. Schoeps)

Paul Mendes-Flohr/Anya Mali (Hg.), in Collaboration with Hanna Delf von Wolzogen: Gustav Landauer. Anarchist and Jew, Berlin/München/Boston: de Gruyter 2015, 241 S. (Martin Arndt)

Christoph Horn: Nichtideale Normativität. Ein neuer Blick auf Kants politische Philosophie, Berlin: Suhrkamp 2014, S. 356. (Martin Arndt)

Philipp Lenhard: Volk oder Religion? Die Entstehung moderner jüdischer Ethnizität in Frankreich und Deutschland 1782-1848 (=Religiöse Kulturen im Europa der Neuzeit, Bd. 4), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2014, 413 S. (Kathrin Wittler)

Jean Calvin: Sermons sur Esaïe Chapitres 52,1-66,24 (Londres, Eglise française, Ms. VIII.f. 2 & 3), découverts et édités par Max Engammare, 2 Teilbd. (= Supplementa Calviniana, IV/1-2), Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Theologie 2012, XLIX + 995 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Joëlle Ducos/Patrick Henriet (Hg.): Passages: Déplacements des hommes, circulation des textes et identités dans l’Occident médiéval. Actes du colloque de Bordeaux (2-3 février 2007), Toulouse: Collection „Méridiennes“ 2013, 251 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

 

ABSTRACTS

Dominik Fugger: Wie ein alter Text. Johann Conrad Dannhauer (1603-1666) und die frühneuzeitliche Ritualinterpretation

In the confessional age, debates about the true meaning of rituals play an important part in constituting religious identities. Up to now, little is known about the conscious or subconscious rules of interpretation that were used in this discourse. This article will show what results the choice of one particular method of interpretation might have. It will focus on Johann Conrad Dannhauer, a Lutheran academic and pastor at the Strasbourg Cathedral, whose hermeneutical concept led to the complete reversal of Luther’s relationship between Word and Symbol.

 

Werner Treß: „Bekanntlich kein Freund der Juden“. Zur Rezeption der judenfeindlichen Schriften Martin Luthers im Umfeld des 300. Reformationsjubiläums 1817

To date, the prevailing opinion in research is that the late anti-Jewish writings of Martin Luther were entirely forgotten well into the 19th century. This article will show that in the early 19th century Luther’s anti-Jewish texts were available, publicly discussed, popularized and scientifically analyzed. Thus, the aim of this article is to close a research gap in the reception history of Luther and his position towards Jews.

 

Julius H. Schoeps: Hat Hitler am Ende doch noch gesiegt? Europas Juden zwischen Shoa, Neuformierung und neuen Gefährdungen

Right now, more and more Jews are leaving France, Belgium and even Sweden, a country widely considered to be cosmopolitan and liberal, yet which has also seen massive anti Semitic attacks recently, which have been widely ignored by the international public. The concrete level of danger is not the same everywhere, but differs and is higher in some countries than in others. The article explores these questions and examines the future perspectives for Jews in Europe.

 

Khatuna Mstoiani/Olaf Glöckner: „Ich bin Mensch, und ich bin jüdischer Abstammung, das ist gut so, ja.“ Antisemitismuserfahrungen russischsprachiger Juden in der UdSSR, ihren Nachfolgestaaten und in der Wahlheimat Deutschland

This article reflects encounters with anti-Semitism experienced by former Soviet Jews and their families who migrated to re-unified Germany from 1990 onwards. The authors have explored to what extent anti-Jewish experiences have affected the migrant’s decision to leave their home country, and to what extent the migration to Germany helped to get rid of the problem. They also refer to some trends of growing uncertainty among Jewish communities in Germany (and Europe) caused by recent waves of Jew hatred.

 

Zur Onlineausgabe Heft 3-4