66. Jahrgang 2014

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

 

AUFSÄTZE

DAMBÖCK, CHRISTIAN: „Was vernünftig ist, ist eine Insel“. Zu Dieter Adelmanns Dissertation über Hermann Cohen, pp. 1-31

LESLE, ULF-THOMAS: Das Eigene und das Fremde. Der „Fall des Niederdeutschen“ – Beispiel eines Identitätsdiskurses, pp. 32-55

GREIERT, ANDREAS: Verschwiegene Geschichte. Institutionen-Kritik und Messianismus beim jugendbewegten Walter Benjamin, pp. 56-75

SCHOEPS, JULIUS H.: Kriegsbegeisterung und Ernüchterung. Über das Selbstverständnis und die Befindlichkeiten deutscher Juden im Ersten Weltkrieg und danach, pp. 76- 89

REZENSIONEN, pp. 90-103

Samuel Moyn/Andrew Sartori (Hg.): Global Intellectual History, New York: Colombia University Press 2013, 342 S. (Felix Wiedemann)

Almut-Barbara Renger (Hg.): Meister und Schüler in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Von Religionen der Antike bis zur modernen, Göttingen: V&R uni press 2012, 486 S. (Alexandra Grieser)

Lace Marie Williams-Tinajero: The Reshaped Mind. Searle, the Biblical Writers, and Christ’s Blood (= Biblical Interpretation Series 104), Leiden/Boston: Brill 2011, XXV+ 234 S. (Knut Martin Stünkel)

Jörg Frey/James A. Kelhoffer/Franz Tóth: Die Johannesapokalypse. Kontexte – Konzepte – Rezeption (= Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, Bd. 287), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2012, VII + 867 S. (Friedrich W. Horn)

Michael Habersack: Friedrich Dessauer (1881-1963). Eine politische Biographie des Frankfurter Biophysikers und Reichstagsabgeordneten (=Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Zeitgeschichte, Reihe B: Forschungen, Bd. 119), Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich: Ferdinand Schöningh 2011, 538 S. (Knut Martin Stünkel)

Ulrich Großmann/Claudia Selheim/Barbara Stambolis (Hg.): Aufbruch der Jugend. Deutsche Jugendbewegung zwischen Selbstbestimmung und Verführung. Ausstellungskatalog des Germanischen Nationalmuseums Nürnberg, Nürnberg: GNM Verlag 2013, 343 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

 Wolfgang Benz (Hg.): Handbuch des Antisemitismus. Judenfeindschaft in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Band 6: Publikationen, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter Verlag 2013, 816 S. (Armin Pfahl-Traughber)

ABSTRACTS

DAMBÖCK, CHRISTIAN: „Was vernünftig ist, ist eine Insel“. Zu Dieter Adelmanns Dissertation über Hermann Cohen

Dieter Adelmann’s dissertation on Hermann Cohen from 1968, which just has been published in 2012, is an approach to contextualize Cohen’s philosophy in a threefold way, considering the historical context, the religious context and the context of Cohen-research. Adelmann’s project, which was obstructed by the scientific community in 1968, is presented as a desideratum for recent research, and we try to explain why the initial project might have failed.

LESLE, ULF-THOMAS: Das Eigene und das Fremde. Der „Fall des Niederdeutschen“ – Beispiel eines Identitätsdiskurses

This essay describes pertinent attitudes towards Low German that have only rarely been recognized due to their seeming marginality. Low German, after it had lived on in a socially determined orality since the Early Modern period, is finally no longer suitable for everyday use in the Modern period. With the changes and the loss of Low German dialects, High German becomes the dominant language of northern Germany. Yet, in the middle of the 19th century Klaus Groth takes the dialect as the supposedly old language of the Volk, writes it down anew, and literalizes it. This leads nationally conservative groups to discover Low German as a source of collective identity, and in the wake of this language myth, Low German Linguistics is established as a scholarly discipline. This development is one of the reasons why the so-called Low German movement at the beginning of the 20th century can refer to völkisch ideas of self and other and is thus able to establish the medialized dialects as untouchable cultural heritage. A closely-knit Low German network produces a „meaningful branding“ for moribund varieties throughout all ages. At the beginning of the 21st century, Low German is to be conserved anew as a symbol of collective identity and in the name of an „ethnic revival.“ To this end, the old language myth is reanimated. As a „Low German regional language“ the varieties – the natural changes of which the lobbyists ignore – are placed under the protection of a European language charter. This legal instrument is implicitly anti-modern because it only protects autochthonous language forms and continues to marginalize the extant varieties produced by migrants.

GREIERT, ANDREAS: Verschwiegene Geschichte. Institutionen-Kritik und Messianismus beim jugendbewegten Walter Benjamin

As a member of the German Youth Movement in the years before 1914, Walter Benjamin had to realize that his lofty ambitions were inevitably wrecked on the power of the Prussian authoritarian state. This social-historical experience first brought Benjamin to a sharp criticism of public institutions and then confirmed his conviction of a radical necessity of a total change of the historical world which has finally found its adequate expression in historical messianism.

SCHOEPS, JULIUS H.: Kriegsbegeisterung und Ernüchterung. Über das Selbstverständnis und die Befindlichkeiten deutscher Juden im Ersten Weltkrieg und danach

At the outbreak of the First World War, Emperor Wilhelm II declared: „I know no parties anymore, only Germans“. In summer 1914, large parts of the Jewish population of the German Reich – including many intellectuals – were stirred into the wave of patriotic zeal that befell the German society. With Ernst Lissauer’s „Song of Hate against England“, it was even a Jew who wrote one of the most popular and controversial German War tunes. However, when anti-Semites accused the Jews of shirking their national duties and the High Command ordered a Jewish census in October 1916, their patriotic enthusiasm turned into deep frustration.

Zur Onlineausgabe ZRGG Heft 1 2014

 

 

Heft 2

 

AUFSÄTZE

AUFFARTH, CHRISTOPH: Die Kehrseite der Medaille: Aufklärung und Religion, pp. 105-127

BRAND, KLAUS: Aufgeklärte Geisterseher. Wissenschaft als Religion im frühen 19. Jahrhundert am Beispiel des Mesmerismus, pp. 128-139

STRUBE, JULIAN: Ein neues Christentum. Frühsozialismus, Neo-Katholizismus und die Einheit von Religion und Wissenschaft, pp. 140-162

HANNEMANN, TILMAN: Scharlatane der Aufklärung. Christoph Kaufmann und Alessandro Cagliostro, pp. 163-186

REZENSIONEN, pp. 186-207

Alexandria. Hg. v. Tobias Georges/Felix Albrecht/Reinhard Feldmeier, u. Mitarb. v. Manuel Kaden u. Christoph Martsch (= Civitatum Orbis Mediterranei Studia 1), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2013, XIV + 574 S. (Friedrich W. Horn)
Uta Heil: Avitus von Vienne und die homöische Kirche der Burgunder (= Patristische Texte und Studien, 66), Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter 2011, XVII + 324 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Thierry Meynard S. J. (Hg.): Confucius Sinarum Philosophus (1687): The First Translation of the Confucian Classics, Rom: Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu 2011, 449 S. (Armin Weber)

Beate Ulrike La Sala: Hermann Cohens Spinoza-Rezeption, Freiburg/München: Verlag Karl Alber 2012, 338 S. (Martin Arndt)

Friedemann Stengel: Aufklärung bis zum Himmel. Emanuel Swedenborg im Kontext der Theologie und Philosophie des 18. Jahrhunderts (= Beiträge zur historischen Theologie, 161), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2011, XVI+802 S. (Helmut Zander)

Christine Eichel: Das deutsche Pfarrhaus: Hort des Geistes und der Macht, Berlin: Quadriga 2012, 367 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Barbara Liedtke: Völkisches Denken und Verkündigung des Evangeliums. Die Rezeption Houston Stewart Chamberlains in evangelischer Theologie und Kirche während der Zeit des »Dritten Reichs« (= Arbeiten zur Kirchen- und Theologiegeschichte, Bd. 37), Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt 2012, 432 S. (Dirk Schuster)

Isaac Lubelsky: Celestial India. Madame Blavatsky and the Birth of Indian Nationalism, Sheffield (UK)/Oaksville (US): Equinox 2012, 345 S. (Helmut Zander)

Geoff Eley: Nazism as Fascism. Violence, Ideology and the Ground of Consent in Germany 1930-1945, New York: Routledge 2013, 233 S. (Thomas Rohkrämer)

John Abromeit: Max Horkheimer and the Foundations of the Frankfurt School, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press 2011, 440 S. Raffaele Laudani (Hg.): Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, Otto Kirchheimer. Secret Reports on Nazi Germany. The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort. With a Foreword by Raymond Geuss, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2013, 704 S. (Mario Keßler)

Susan Taubes: Die Korrespondenz mit Jacob Taubes 1950-1951, hg. und komm. v. Christina Pareigis, unter Mitarb. v. Almut Hüfler (= Schriften von Susan Taubes, Bd. 1,1), München: Fink 2011. (Helen Thein)

ABSTRACTS

AUFFARTH, CHRISTOPH: Die Kehrseite der Medaille: Aufklärung und Religion

In this paper, Christoph Auffarth distinguishes three types of relationships between religion and rationality since the epoch of Enlightenment and throughout the age of science. In the third type, Christian belief seems to fade away, but a distinct protestant habitus, acquired through religious socialization, can still be observed: the conduct of life (Lebensführung). This process is first analyzed according to Max Weber’s concept, esp. through his biography written by Marianne Weber, which she called a Lebensbild (1926, referring to a Pietist genre). It links to the ritual of autobiographical writing in Pietist conduct of life during the age of Enlightenment. The monitoring of one’s own intentions and actions, of failure and success, stretches – in decided difference to the Pietists’ intention to break free will – into the outset of psychology, which gathered Enlightenment paedagogs and Jewish Haskala around the Magazin für Erfahrungsseelenkunde, edited by Karl Philipp Moritz and Salomon Maimon 1783–1793.

BRAND, KLAUS: Aufgeklärte Geisterseher. Wissenschaft als Religion im frühen 19. Jahrhundert am Beispiel des Mesmerismus

Research of the last decades has shown that one cannot speak of a clearly defined opposition of a rational scientific Enlightenment versus an irrational religious Counter-Enlightenment. At least one cannot refer to the constructions of the European Enlightenment as proposed in former research literature. There is a dynamic interconnection between scientific and religious worldviews even within the natural sciences emerging in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. For many religious and scientific thinkers of the Enlightenment there existed no fundamental contradiction between science and religion. In this Article these overlapping discourses are shown using Mesmerism as an example. Mesmerism was introduced in the early 19th century as a scientific method of healing and was (for some time) equally received as an occult science or, for example, a romantic religion. Some 19th century-texts of and about the Mesmerists and their (healing) practices are analyzed with the purpose of showing – and questioning – the outlined interconnections

STRUBE, JULIAN: Ein neues Christentum. Frühsozialismus, Neo-Katholizismus und die Einheit von Religion und Wissenschaft

Pre-1848 socialism is little known, especially its religious aspects. This article argues that socialist concepts of “religion,” albeit much neglected by scholarship, were central to it; that those concepts can only be understood against the background of 18th-century enlightenment discourses; that the socialist systems from the first half of the 19th century can be regarded as the expression of a resulting religious pluralization of new forms of religiosity; and, finally, that those socialist discourses have exerted a lasting influence on the religious landscape of Europe. After discussing the religious ideas of the Saint Simonians and the Fourierists, and comparing them to the neo-Catholic ideas of Lamennais, the article suggests four major characteristics of socialist religiosity: enlightenment criticism, a certain philosophy of history, a synthesis of science and religion, and a unity of the religious and political orders, a “universal harmony.”

HANNEMANN, TILMAN: Scharlatane der Aufklärung. Christoph Kaufmann und Alessandro Cagliostro

This article explores the notion of the charlatan in the late 18th century on two complementary levels. Firstly, the ridiculization of charlatanry was an important rethoric device in setting up moral boundaries and educative objectives inside the public sphere. Secondly, the charlatans’ performances were adaptated according to the religious expectations of the target audiences. It follows that they mirror to a certain extent more important shifts in religious history outside the realm of institutionalized religion and contributed to the actualization, popularization and dissemination of various religious topics. While Kaufmann’s performative register responded chiefly to rousseauist expectations of healing and guiding mankind to its true nature, Cagliostro’s more elaborate resources essentially stressed the importance of invisible forces and a universal deistic model.

Zur Onlineausgabe ZRGG Heft 2 2014

 

Heft 3-4

 

AUFSÄTZE

LIEBER, LAURA: Telling a Liturgical Tale: Storytelling in Early Jewish Liturgical Poetry, pp. 209-232

MUSCH, SEBASTIAN: Humanistischer Glaube, Freiheit und Magie. Zur ideengeschichtlichen Funktion des Pico della Mirandola bei Ernst Cassirer, pp. 233-242

VOIGT, FRANK: Die Aktualität von Halbwachs’ Kritik an Bergson und Durkheim. Zu einigen Problemen in den Halbwachs-Lektüren bei Aleida und Jan Assmann, pp. 243-269

RIEDEL, KATRIN: Von Gott und den Göttern. Eine komparative Untersuchung der neuheidnischen Germanischen Glaubens-Gemeinschaft(en), pp. 270-294

RENGER, ALMUT-BARBARA: Buddhismus im Rahmen staatlicher Vorgaben. Zum Leben und Wirken des Chan-Meisters Jinghui (1933-2013) in der Volksrepublik China, pp. 295-328

MISZELLE

BATOR, WIESŁAW: Der polnische Nationalismus in Bogumił Grotts Geschichtsforschung, pp. 329-335

REZENSIONEN, pp. 336-357

Monika Fink-Lang: Joseph Görres. Die Biografie. Paderborn: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh 2013, 384 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Albrecht Ritschl – Wilhelm Herrmann. Briefwechsel 1875-1889, hg. v. Christophe Chalamet/Peter Fischer-Appelt u.a., Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2013, XII + 520 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Henry C. Soussan: The ‚Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaft des Judentums‘ in its Historical Context (= Schriftenreihe wissenschaftlicher Abhandlungen des Leo Baeck Instituts, 75). Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2013, XI + 193 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

Kris Manjapra, Age of Entanglement. German and Indian Intellectuals across Empire, Cambridge, MA/London: Harvard University Press 2014, 442 S. (Gerhard Altmann)

Asaf Angermann: Beschädigte Ironie. Kierkegaard, Adorno und die Negative Dialektik Kritischer Subjektivität, Berlin/Boston: Walter De Gruyter 2013, 299 S. (Martin Arndt)

Stephan Steiner: Weimar in Amerika. Leo Strauss’ Politische Philosophie (=Schriftenreihe wissenschaftlicher Abhandlungen des Leo Baeck Instituts, Nr. 76), Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck 2013, S. XIII + 307. (Marco Kißling)

Richard F. Wetzell (Hg.), Bulletin of the German Historical Institute, The Challenge of Biography, Washington, DC: German Historical Institute, 2014, 188 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

Frank-Rutger Hausmann: Die Deutsche Dante-Gesellschaft im geteilten Deutschland. Stuttgart: Hauswedell 2012, 298 S. (Silke Meyer)

Wilhelm Vosskamp/Günter Blamberger/Martin Roussel (Hg.), u. Mitarb. v. Christine Thewes: Möglichkeitsdenken. Utopie und Dystopie in derGegenwart, München: Wilhelm Fink 2013, 329 S. (Martin Arndt)

Lothar Machtan: Prinz Max von Baden. Der letzte Kanzler des Kaisers. Eine Biographie, Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2013, 668 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

ABSTRACTS

LIEBER, LAURA: Telling a Liturgical Tale: Storytelling in Early Jewish Liturgical Poetry

This essay explores the role of “story telling” – i.e., the re-narration of a biblical text – in the liturgical context. A specific biblical story (that of Balak in Numbers 22), as retold in a Jewish liturgical poem from Late Antiquity, focuses the study. Other forms of biblical interpretation common in the Late Ancient synagogue, including midrashic homilies and Aramaic translations (targum), highlight the distinctive elements of poetic-liturgical rhetoric. The essay examines how distinctive modes of poetic rhetoric, embedded in the liturgical context, shape a distinctly powerful narrative experience and a unique mode of emotional engagement with the biblical story.

MUSCH, SEBASTIAN: Humanistischer Glaube, Freiheit und Magie. Zur ideengeschichtlichen Funktion des Pico della Mirandola bei Ernst Cassirer

In this article I will discuss the role of Pico della Mirandola in the work of Ernst Cassirer and focus especially on the intertwining between freedom and magic. Kant’s critical Idealism and the beginning of scientific thinking, which Cassirer traces back to Pico, receive a specific role in Cassirer’s concept of history. Pico is characterised as a Proto-Kantian and as a scientist of modern persuasion, two aspects which according to Cassirer originated during the Renaissance.

VOIGT, FRANK: Die Aktualität von Halbwachs’ Kritik an Bergson und Durkheim. Zu einigen Problemen in den Halbwachs-Lektüren bei Aleida und Jan Assmann

Through a critical reexamination of the reception of Maurice Halbwachs’ thought in the works of Aleida and Jan Assmann, this article investigates the theoretical grounds and differences between Henri Bergson’s “Matter and Memory”, Emile Durkheim’s late sociology and Halbwachs’ theory of memory. Halbwachs’ critique of Bergson, and implicitly Durkheim, lays the basis for a theory of collective memory founded upon a dual function of language: namely, memories of subjects and social groups are mediated linguistically, and furthermore, images are only meaningfully circumscribed through language, which consequently, not only determines memory but perception as well. By presuming unmediated images, spaces and collective identities, Aleida und Jan Assmann’s theory of cultural memory (kulturelles Gedächtnis) risks a Durkheimian reading of Halbwachs, synchronically and diachronically homogenizing collective memories.

RIEDEL, KATRIN: Von Gott und den Göttern. Eine komparative Untersuchung der neuheidnischen Germanischen Glaubens-Gemeinschaft(en)

Neopagan religious concepts and organisations appeared in the German Reich around the turn of the 20th century and were closely linked with the Völkische Bewegung. This article focuses on the Germanische Glaubens-Gemeinschaft e.V., first listed in the Register of Associations in 1991, which locates itself within the tradition of völkisch-religious organisations and questions their claim to a direct associative continuity with the earlier, similarly named Germanische Glaubens-Gemeinschaft founded in 1912/13

RENGER, ALMUT-BARBARA: Buddhismus im Rahmen staatlicher Vorgaben. Zum Leben und Wirken des Chan-Meisters Jinghui (1933-2013) in der Volksrepublik China

In the course of the rise of religions in the People’s Republic of China, Chan Buddhism, as promoted by the monk Jing Hui (1933-2013) since the 1980s, evolved into a world-oriented Buddhism which was presented as following party and state policy guidance. The present paper examines this recent development. First, it sketches intra- and interreligious relations and figurations of the religious field from which Jing Hui emerged as a religious specialist, and that he himself formed and shaped. Then, it is broadly outlined how he used the scope of action created through these structures and how, by virtue of the content of his teachings and certain strategies of legitimation, he contributed to the revitalization of Buddhism in contemporary China, actively taking political conditions into account.

Zur Onlineausgabe Heft 3-4 2014