65. Jahrgang 2013

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

 

AUFSÄTZE
HERNÁNDEZ DE LA FUENTE, DAVID: Der Chor Des Dionysos – Religion und Erziehung in Platons Nomoi, pp. 1-17
KRANICH, SEBASTIAN: Der Geist der Zeiten – protestantische Deutungsmuster in universitären Reformationsjubiläen, pp. 18-31
DIETZFELBINGER, DANIEL: Der Beitrag des Luthertums zur Sozialen Marktwirtschaft, pp. 32-46
LATTKI, TORSTEN: Die Gedächtnisrede von Benzion Kellermann auf Hermann Cohen. Eine unbekannte Grabrede, gehalten am 7. April 1918 auf dem jüdischen Friedhof Berlin-Weißensee, pp. 47-67

MISZELLEN
KNOLL, JOACHIM H.: Kulturgeschichte Deutschlands, pp. 68-71
PFAHL-TRAUGHBER, ARMIN: Dem Vergessen entrissen. „Politischer Messianismus“ und „totalitäre Demokratie“ bei Jakob Talmon, pp. 72-75

REZENSIONEN, pp. 76-103
Christian Leitz: Der Sarg des Panehemisis in Wien, Zeichnung von Victoria Altmann, mit einer detaillierten Bilddokumentation der Särge des Panehemisis und Hermhab auf DVD (= Studien zur spätägyptologischen Religion 3), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2011, IX+ 492 S. (Stefan Bojowald)
Shaye J. D. Cohen: The Significance of Yavneh and Other Essays in Jewish Hellenism (= Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 136), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010, XV+614 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)
Jens Kreinath (Hg.): The Anthropology of Islam Reader, London/New York: Routledge 2012, 420 S. (Esther Voswinckel Filiz)
Irene Wagner: Rudolf Steiners langer Schatten. Die okkulten Hintergründe von Waldorf & Co., Aschaffenburg: Alibri-Verlag 2012, 405 S. (Helmut Zander)
Birgit Menzel/Michael Hagemeister/Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal (Hg.): The New Age of Russia: Occult and esoteric dimensions (= SLCEEE 17), München/Berlin: Otto Sagner 2012, 448 S. (Anna Tessmann)
Eva-Maria Heinze: Einführung in das dialogische Denken (= dia-logik, Band 3), Freiburg im Breisgau: Karl Alber 2011, 172 S. (Knut Martin Stünkel)
Karl Barh: Erklärungen des Epheser- und des Jakobusbriefes 1919-1929, hg. v. Jörg-Michael Boneth, Zürich: Theologischer Verlag 2009, XXXVIII+556 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)
Manfred Gailus/Armin Nolzen (Hg.): Zerstrittene „Volksgemeinschaft“. Glaube, Konfession und Religion im Nationalsozialismus, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2011, 325 S. (Dirk Schuster)
Theodor Heuss, der Bundespräsident. Brief 1949-1954. Hg. u. bearb. v. Ernst Wolfgang Becker/Martin Vogt/Wolfram Werner, Berlin: De Gruyter 2012, 184 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)
Ottfried Dascher: „Es ist etwas Wahnsinniges mit der Kunst“. Alfred Flechtheim – Sammler, Kunsthändler, Verleger (= Quellenstudien zur Kunst Band 6), Wädenswil: Nimbus Verlag 2011, 511 S. (Ines Sonder)
Wolfgang Benz (Hg.): Handbuch des Antisemitismus. Judenfeindschaft in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Band 5: Organisationen, Institutionen, Bewegungen, Berlin: De Gruyter 2012, 682 S. (Armin Pfahl-Traughber)
Alfred Bodenheimer: Haut Ab! Die Juden in der Beschneidungsdebatte, Göttingen: Wallstein 2012, 64 S. (Gesine Palmer)
Katharina Pewny: Das Drama des Prekären. Über die Wiederkehr der Ethik in theater und Performance, Bielefeld: transcirpt 2011, 331 S. (Sahra Dornick)
Holger Michael Zellenthin: Rabbinic Parodies of Jewish and Christian Literature (= Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 139), Tübingen Mohr Siebeck 2011, ix+275 S. (Görge K. Hasselhoff)

ABSTRACTS
HERNÁNDEZ DE LA FUENTE, DAVID: Der Chor Des Dionysos – Religion und Erziehung in Platons Nomoi
This contribution puts forward an interpretation of the relation between the Dionysiac Religion and the Political and Ethical Project outlined by Plato in his last dialogue, the “Laws”. Firstly, the latest literature about the question of religion in the “Laws” is briefly reviewed, dealing with some recent contributions and pointing out the lack of a global interpretation of the issue. Secondly, this paper aims to a definition of the somewhat scattered but important presence of Dionysos in Plato through three Leitmotiven. Then, the text analyses some of this key issues in the “Laws” which, if our view is to be right, can help understand both the role of this God in Plato and the ethical and political proposal of the Athenian philosopher. The religious idea of Golden Age, related to the presence of Dionysos in the human world, and the social relevance of the symposia and a certain kind of Poetry related to Dionysos would be the aspects emphasized by Plato, dwelling upon the idea of education of the citizen of the ideal State. This paper continues a research line on the Religion in Plato’s “Laws” which has already offered partial treatments of this issue regarding the mythical legislators, the oracles and the Pythagorean elements. 

KRANICH, SEBASTIAN: Der Geist der Zeiten – protestantische Deutungsmuster in universitären Reformationsjubiläen, pp. 18-31
To this day, traditional interpretations have shaped our view of Protestantism. In anticipation on the anniversary of the reformation in 2017, there is the affirmation of the nexus of “Bildung” and Protestantism. Nationally defined relations, by contrast, are seen not to play role. This article investigates the genesis of these current interpretations in reformation anniversaries at universities since 1617. Academic talks serve as sources.

DIETZFELBINGER, DANIEL: Der Beitrag des Luthertums zur Sozialen Marktwirtschaft
This article investigates the question whether and, if so, which, Protestant ideas and ideals have influenced the idea of a social market economy in Germany after the Second World War. The article begins with a Weberian analysis of the economic styles and the discussions in economic theory in the 1920s. The article then continues with a closer look at the Nazi period, during which an underground development of economic theory looked to reshape Germany after the National Socialist rule. In different circles and committees, a variety of people have developed ideas and concepts that were later reflected in the concept of social market economy. This article deals especially with the question of which denominational, and especially which Protestant elements were incorporated by the many fathers of the social market economy. Special attention will be paid to the work of Alfred Müller-Armack, who as professor of economics and the right hand of Ludwig Erhard advocated a specific and political form of social marked economy after the Second World War. Many sources call Müller-Armack the “Protestant father of the social market economy”. Finally, the article asks what significance the social market economy as an economic style can still be have today and whether this style can be appropriated religiously and denominationally.

LATTKI, TORSTEN: Die Gedächtnisrede von Benzion Kellermann auf Hermann Cohen. Eine unbekannte Grabrede, gehalten am 7. April 1918 auf dem jüdischen Friedhof Berlin-Weißensee
On the 4th of April 1918 the Jewish philosopher Hermann Cohen died in Berlin. Three days later he was laid to rest at the cemetery in Berlin-Weißensee under large attendance of the local Jewish community. Prior to addresses by Ernst Cassirer, Paul Natorp and other, the liberal rabbi and philosopher Benzion Kellermann (1869-1923) delivered a commemorative speech. In this obituary Kellermann, whose role as important disciple of Cohen is widely forgotten today, portrayed the stages of life of the former Professor from Marburg and reported personal details from the house of Herman and Martha Cohen. Although its existence was known to the public, the text of Kellermann’s speech has never been published. The editor discovered the manuscript in New York City and it is issued here with an introduction and commentary.

Zur Onlineausgabe ZRGG Heft 1 2013

 

 

Heft 2

 

AUFSÄTZE
ULBRICHT, JUSTUS H.: Mystik und Deutschtumsmetaphysik. Martin Buber, Eugen Diederichs und die religiöse Renaissance um 1900, pp. 105-127
WEBER, ARMIN: Zum Verhältnis von gestalthafter Darstellung und Denken in der Literatur. Thomas Manns Zauberberg und Heimito von Doderers Dämonen im Vergleich, pp. 128-151
PEITSCH, HELMUT: Rosa Luxemburg in der deutschen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts, pp. 152-172
THEIN, HELEN: „Eine Last auf meiner Seele“. Zum Widerhall der Schriften Simone Weils in der deutschsprachigen Nachkriegsliteratur, pp. 173-196

MISZELLE
BOTSCH, GIDEON: Alternativen zum „Vulgärdemokratismus“. Das politikwissenschaftliche Werk Ernst Fraenkels (1898-1975), pp. 197-204

BUCHBESPRECHUNG, pp. 205-207
Jens Gundlach: Heinz Brunotte (1896-1984). Anpassung des Evangeliums an die NS-Diktatur. Eine biographische Studie, Hannover: Lutherisches Verlagshaus 2010, 526 S. (Hansjörg Buss)

ABSTRACTS
ULBRICHT, JUSTUS H.: Mystik und Deutschtumsmetaphysik. Martin Buber, Eugen Diederichs und die religiöse Renaissance um 1900
The “cultural publisher” Eugen Diederichs (1869-1930) from Jena greatly facilitated a religious renaissance in terms of an anti-church spirit and mystic enthusiasm that were especially fascinating to intellectuals. Diederichs was particularly concerned with development ethics and social aristocracy; he was against materialism and sought a move towards romanticism and a new renaissance. Diederichs himself was also interested in mysticism, and he was fascinated by the unorthodox faith of mysticism authors as much as by their language, in which they strove to find words for the unspeakable divine. It is here that his and Martin Buber’s interest in mysticism met. The latter, through his “Ecstatic Confessions,” entered a cultural context in which the critique of Christianity and new faith were connected with an apotheosis of Germanness (Deutschtum) and an anti-Judaism that was overt and covert at different times. This contribution will reconstruct Buber’s liaison with Diederichs and interpret it as part of the religious renaissance movements of fin de siècle intellectuals.

WEBER, ARMIN: Zum Verhältnis von gestalthafter Darstellung und Denken in der Literatur. Thomas Manns Zauberberg und Heimito von Doderers Dämonen im Vergleich
The question how the relation between exemplary representation and abstract thinking in literature is to be determined has been debated since antiquity. The following paper examines two modern attempts to solve this question by thoroughly investigating Thomas Mann’s “Der Zauberberg” and Heimito von Doderer’s “Die Dämonen”. In doing so, it turns out that there is a specific literary kind of thinking (involving exemplary represantation) which seems to be superior in treating contingent events – which human history consists of – because it does not challenge the status of concrete facts as abstract thinking does.

PEITSCH, HELMUT: Rosa Luxemburg in der deutschen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts
The role Rosa Luxemburg has played in poems, plays, novels and essays by German writers of the twentieth century has been neglected by literary historians. By sketching some changes in genres and themes, the aim of this article provide at an overview which questions a simplifying notion of communist myth-making by highlighting, on the one hand, the multiple reasons why non-communist writers have had an interest in Luxemburg and, on the other, some intertextual relations, especially between East and West German texts of the post-war literature.

THEIN, HELEN: „Eine Last auf meiner Seele“. Zum Widerhall der Schriften Simone Weils in der deutschsprachigen Nachkriegsliteratur
Taking Heinrich Böll’s image of the Christian, political and philosophical French writer Simone Weil (1909-1943) as an intellectual, moral and religious “burden on his soul”as point of departure, the article analyses the reception of Weil’s work – against the background of the history of its publication in the Federal Republic of Germany – within the writings of four key figures of post-war literature: Böll, Ingeborg Bachmann, Nelly Sachs and Jean Améry. The texts of the four writers on Weil have been neglected by literary critics specialising in Böll, Bachmann, Sachs and Améry alike. By reading Böll’s contribution to an anthology on ‘Literature as Baggage’, Bachmann’s radio feature, Sachs’s poems and letters in their contexts, ranging from the early 50s to the late 70s, specific political (Böll, Bachmann) and religious (Sachs) affinities are brought out whereas in the case of the essay by Améry, being the only one addressing Weil’s Jewish origin, his disagreement with Böll, Bachmann and Sachs on Weil is accounted for.

Zur Onlineausgabe ZRGG Heft 2 2013

 

Heft 3

 

AUFSÄTZE:
TREIN, LORENZ : Die Gegenwart der Religionsgeschichtsschreibung. 
Zur religionswissenschaftlichen Diskussion um Europäische Religionsgeschichte, pp. 209-223
HÖLSCHER, LUCIAN: Acht Thesen zum Reformationsjubiläum 2017.., pp. 224-234
WENDENBURG, DOROTHEA: „Gesegnet sei das Andenken Luthers!“ Die Juden und Martin Luther im 19. Jahrhundert, pp. 235-251
BROEMSEL, SVEN. Darwindebatten um 1900. Houston Steward Chamberlain, Julius von Wiesner und Max Steiner, pp. 252-277

MISZELLEN:
KÜPPERRS,PATRICK: Pierre Angels transrheinische Antisemitismusforschung, pp. 278-282
ECKSTEIN, LARS: Some Reflections on Entangled Knowledge and Decolonisation, pp. 283-288

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 289-311
Reinhard von Bendemann/Markus Tiwald (Hg.), Das frühe Christentum und die Stadt (= Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament [BWANT] 198), Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag 2012, 256 S. (Friederich W. Horn)
Andreas Heiser: Die Paulusinszenierung. Epitheta und ihre Vorgeschichte (= Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum, 70), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2012, XVI+ 731 S. ( Esther Verwold)
Felicity Jensz: German Moravian Missionaries in the British Colony of Victoria, Australia, 1848-1908. Influencial Strangers (= Studies in Christian Mission 38), Leiden: Brill 2010, 292 S. ( Helmut Peitsch) 
Franz Winter: Hermes und Buddha. Die neureligiöse Bewegung „Kôfuku no kagaku“ in Japan, Münster: LIT 2012, 383 S. (Almut-Barbara Renger)
The German Historical Institute at 25. Edited by Hartmut Berghoff and David Lazar (= Bulletin of the German Historical Institute Suppl. 8), Washington 2012, 123 S.
Bulletin of the German Historical Institute, No.50, Spring 2012, 179 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)
Ottmar Ette: TransArea. Eine literarische Globalisierungsgeschichte, Berlin: De Gruyter 2012, 334+X S. (Patrick Küppers)
Björn Laser: Kulturbolschewismus! Zur Diskurssemantik der „totalen Krise“ 1929-1933, Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang 2010, 440 S. (Justus H. Ulbricht)
Klaus-Michael Kodalle/Tilman Reitz (Hg.): Bruno Bauer (1809-1882). Ein „Partisan des Weltgeistes“? Würzburg: Königshausen& Neumann 2010, 402 S. (Mario Keßler)
Monika Boll/ Raphael Gross (Hg.): „Ich staune, dass Sie in dieser Luft atmen können“. Jüdische Intellektuelle in Deutschland nach 1945, Frankfurt a.M.: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag 2013, 396 S. (Joachim H. Knoll)

ABSTRACTS
TREIN, LORENZ : Die Gegenwart der Religionsgeschichtsschreibung. 
Zur religionswissenschaftlichen Diskussion um Europäische Religionsgeschichte, pp. 209-223
This paper analyses notions of the present in the discussion on history of European religion. It argues that meanings and concepts of the present can be seen as part of the debate on normativity of writing the history of religions. Focusing on the theory of historiography, the discussion on a distinct perspective of the study of religion appears in a new light.

HÖLSCHER, LUCIAN: Acht Thesen zum Reformationsjubiläum 2017.., pp. 224-234
Five years before the 500th anniversary of the Lutheran Reformation it is time to draw a first conclusion to the Luther decade, which started in 2007 with a manifesto of the scientific council called “Perspektiven für das Reformationsjubiläum”. In eight statements the article discusses essential features of this manifesto culminating in the accusation of some dangerous and misleading interpretations of the history of Protestantism in Germany. The article argues, among others, that in course of the Luther decade Lutheran reformation is not sufficiently integrated in the other Christian reformations of the period, that the deep transformation from the “old” (16th/ 17th/ c.) to the “new” Protestantism (19th/20th c.) is underestimated and that there is a tendency to root the modern world in a one-sided perspective on the protestant heritage. Altogether the article argues for a more pluralistic understanding of religious modernity.

WENDENBURG, DOROTHEA: „Gesegnet sei das Andenken Luthers!“ Die Juden und Martin Luther im 19. Jahrhundert, pp. 235-251
Today, the topic „Judaism and Martin Luther“ is dominated by the long shadow cast by Luther’s late anti-Jewish writings and their use in the Third Reich. The resulting adumbration has been so pervasive that is almost totally eclipsed the remembrance of those periods when it was not the case. The nineteenth century was one such era, for many German Jews of the time held a decidedly positive view of Martin Luther. The present article elucidates their perspectives and arguments by detailing not only Jewish participation in and Jewish contributions to the LutherJubilees1817 to 1917 but also literary statements on Luther by Jewish theologians and historians of the same period.    

BROEMSEL, SVEN. Darwindebatten um 1900. Houston Steward Chamberlain, Julius von Wiesner und Max Steiner, pp. 252-277 
The essay analyses the social-Darwinist context around the year 1900. Houston Steward Chamberlain, the popular philosopher who lived in Vienna, dedicated his racial-theoretical magnus opus, “Die Grundlagen des 19.Jahrhunderts”, to the Jewish botanist Julius Wiesner. The Viennese scholar recommended the book about Darwin to Max Steiner, who was living in Berlin. Chamberlain contacted the young author, who although he was also Jewish, wrote himself with radical accents into the pre-Nazis eugenic. Steiner, in his case at the age of 26, like Otto Weininger, committed suicide. The constellation of Chamberlain, Wiesner and Steiner provides information about historical developments at a time when Darwin’s theses of separation were filled with racial thinking and the variations were there by confronted with a species with racist values.

Zur Onlineausgabe Heft 3 2013

 

Heft 4

 

AUFSÄTZE:
HASSELHOFF; GÖRGE: Purity of Thought in Meister Eckart, pp. 313-322
HILLEBRANDT, HANS J.: Die folgenreiche Reformation, pp. 323-338
ULBRICHT, JUSTUS H.: Körner reloadet oder: Helden sterben nie!?, pp. 339- 356
HEYDEN, ULRICH VAN DER: „Besoffen wie ein Deutscher“. Das Deutschlandbild von Afrikanern zur Zeit der direkten Kolonialherrschaft, pp. 357-393

MISZELLEN
BAEHRENS, KONSTANTIN: Verdikt und Trauerspiel. Ein Rezensionsessay zu Lukács, mit Seitenblicken auf Adorno
BOTSCH, GIDEON: „… die Wissenschaft geschenkt“. Hundert Jahre nach dem „Meißnertreffen“: Die deutsche Jugendbewegung, S. 406-414

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN
Isaac Lubelsky: Celestial India. Madame Blavatsky and the Birth oft Indian Nationalism, Sheffield (UK)/ Oaksville (US): Equinox 2012, 345 S. (Helmut Zander)

 

ABSTRACTS
HASSELHOFF; GÖRGE: Purity of Thought in Meister Eckhart
This paper aims at one particular point, namely to show Meister Eckhart’s way of thinking as a thinking of pure reason. I do so by roughly introducing into his biography, by giving two examples from his Latin writings, and by several examples of his German sermons. By doing this I will demonstrate that Meister Eckhart’s purpose is to show that those persons who are illuminated and cleansed from earthly ballast have an access to God. But besides that there is no real ‘concept’ of purification. Therefore Meister Eckhart’s usage of the category ‘pure’ is not stated against somebody; he does not employ the opposite term ‘impure’. If ever, only the unilluminated who stick to earthly ideas are impure. In theological categories, purity of the highest form is only an attribute of God.

HILLEBRANDT, HANS J.: Die folgenreiche Reformation, pp. 323-338
This essay, initially the opening lecture oft the annual conference of the Gesellschaft für Geistesgeschichte in 2013 on the aftermath of the Protestant Reformation, begins by addressing certain conceptual questions having to do with interchangeable use of the terms „Luther“and „Reformation“to refer to a solely German course of events in the sixteenth century. It then discusses a range of areas such as theology, church state relations, economics and religion in order to suggest a substantial influence of Reformation thought and practice.

ULBRICHT, JUSTUS H.: Körner reloadet oder: Helden sterben nie!?
In the context of last year’s commemoration of the Napoleonic Wars (1813-1815) and the Battle of Nations near Leipzig in 1813, one poet, unknown to most people today has reappeared- at least nominally- in our cultural memory: Theodor Körner. However for more than150 years this author and “war volunteer” belonged to the cultural of Germany’s educated bourgeoisie as the “singer with lyre and sword”. Körners’s brief life was quickly mythologized, his death glorified as a martyr’s death for the “German cause”, and his small artistic oeuvre (along with that of Ernst Moritz Arndt) understood as an important intellectual testimonial to the “German uprising” against Napoleon. This essay deconstructs the Körner myth and provides a panoramic overview of how its impact was politicized from the early 19th century and into the GDR era. The essay also looks at the appropriation of Körner by national and local memorial politics.

HEYDEN, ULRICH VAN DER: „Besoffen wie ein Deutscher“. Das Deutschlandbild von Afrikanern zur Zeit der direkten Kolonialherrschaft
Many historians, scholars of literatures and regions, as well as ethnologists have studied European imaginations of „the other“. However, not many have asked how this „Other“has imagined Europe in general and Germany in particular. Despite the scarcity of sources, the following study attempts to retrace the image- although it can only be a highly fragmented one- that Africans had of imperial Germany during the time of direct colonial from 1884/85 to 1918/19. Their analysis is based on individual testimony by Africans as well as the biographies of those who came to Germany. While the image that Africans had of Germany must necessarily remain incomplete due to extensive gaps in written records, it is possible to analyze what Africans were interested in during their stay in Germany. Most of all, they did not experience the kind of jure racism that they were subjugated to in their home countries. Experiences and knowledge gained in Germany became global knowledge. This contribution also seeks to provide impulses for further and more extensive research of how non-Europeans viewed Europe and Germany. 

Zur Onlineausgabe Heft 4 2013