62. Jahrgang 2010

Inhaltsverzeichnis und Abstracts

 

Heft 1

AUFSÄTZE:
BREUER, STEFAN: Der Streit um den „nordischen Gedanken“ in der völkischen Bewegung, pp. 1-27
AUWÄRTER, THOMAS: Albert Kalthoff. Ein Bremer Pastor im Übergangsfeld von linkem Reform-Protestantismus und freigeistiger Bewegung, pp. 28-51
BAERT, BARBARA: „Wenn ich nur sein Kleid möchte anrühren“. Die Frau mit dem Blutfluss in der frühmittelalterlichen Ikonographie (Mark 5:24b-34parr), pp. 52-76

MISZELLEN
KNÜPPEL, MICHAEL: Nochmals zu alttürkisch šaman, pp. 77-80
KEßLER, MARIO: Von der Religionskritik zum Antisemitismus. Zu einer neuen Biographie Bruno Bauers, pp. 81-84

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 85-101
Am HaSefer [Volk des Buches]. Buchreihe, hg. v. Dov Eichenwald, Tel Aviv: Yediyot Aharonot 2007 ff., 24. Bde. (geplant) (George Y. Kohler)
Bertram Schmitz: Der Koran: Sure 2 „Die Kuh“. Ein religionsgeschichtlicher Kommentar, Stuttgart: Kohlhammer 2009 (Johannes Twardella)
Thomas Kramer: Der Orientkomplex. Das Nahostbild in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Ostfildern: Thorbecke Verlag 2009 (Felix Wiedemann)
Helmut Zander: Anthroposophie in Deutschland. Theosophische Weltanschauung und gesellschaftliche Praxis 1884-1945, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht 2007 (Christoph Kopke)
Wouter J. Hanegraff/Jeff J. Kripal (Hg.): Hidden Intercourse. Eros and Sexuality in the History of Western Esotericism, Leiden/Boston: Brill 2008 (Helmut Zander)
Claudia Bruns: Politik des Eros. Der Männerbund in Wissenschaft, Politik und Jugendkultur (1880-1934), Köln/ Weimar/Wien: Böhlau Verlag 2008 (Joachim H. Knoll)
Peter Walkenhorst: Nation – Volk – Rasse. Radikaler Nationalismus im Deutschen Kaiserreich 1890-1914, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht 2007 (Gideon Botsch)
Claus Bernet: Kultureinrichtungen der Bau- und Wohnungsgenossenschaften vom Kaiserreich zum Nationalsozialismus. Am Beispiel des Berliner Spar- und Bauvereins (1871-1945), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht 2008 (Rüdiger Hachtmann)
Roland Roth/Dieter Rucht (Hg.): Die sozialen Bewegungen in Deutschland. Ein Handbuch, Frankfurt a. M./New York: Campus 2008 (Joachim H. Knoll)

In der Redaktion eingegangene Bücher, pp. 102-103

MITARBEITERINNEN UND MITARBEITER DES HEFTES, p. 104

ABSTRACTS
BREUER, STEFAN: Der Streit um den „nordischen Gedanken“ in der völkischen Bewegung, pp. 1-27
This essay analyzes the tensions that the rise of „Nordic racism“ associated with Hans F. K. Günther triggered within the völkisch movement in the 1920s. Using the examples of the „Deutschbund,“ the völkisch wing of the German youth movement „Bündische Jugend“ and the German Aristocrats’ Association „Deutsche Adelsgenossenschaft,“ this essay shows that the reception of the Nordic idea was partially based on misunderstandings and distortions but was also met with open disagreement.

AUWÄRTER, THOMAS: Albert Kalthoff. Ein Bremer Pastor im Übergangsfeld von linkem Reform-Protestantismus und freigeistiger Bewegung, pp. 28-51
The religious history of Bremen includes many impressive figures. Probably the most enigmatic figure of Bremen’s church life around 1900 was the pastor at St. Martini, Albert Kalthoff (1850-1906). However, his impact reached beyond the borders of local religious history: He was important for the history of the Protestant culture of piety as well as for a religious historical analysis of reform attempts within Protestantism in Imperial Germany. Kalthoff was part of the leftist reform movement within German Protestantism. Furthermore he can be said to have had certain sympathies for the free thinker movement. This article wants to situate Kalthoff and his public works and goals in religious history with regard to the religious-confessional, cultural-religious, and cultural-political tendencies of his time. His example delineates the contours of a transitional space between Protestantism and the free thinker movement.

BAERT, BARBARA: „Wenn ich nur sein Kleid möchte anrühren“. Die Frau mit dem Blutfluss in der frühmittelalterlichen Ikonographie (Mark 5:24b-34parr), pp. 52-76
Since early-Christian time, an iconography has developed around the Haemorrhoïssa which is related to the conventions of Christ’s miracles of healing. In the transition from word into image, an intense energy is released with regards to touching, the gaze and space. These iconographical characteristics become sensors of a far broader range of topics. For in the Middle Ages the Haemorrhoïssa was also the bearer of patterns of sensitivity for uterine taboos which were connected to magic, textile and types of stones.

 

Heft 2

AUFSÄTZE:
HERNÁNDEZ DE LA FUENTE, DAVID: Mythische Vorbilder des sakralen Gesetzgebers bei Platon (Nomoi I-IV). Eine Einführung in den religiösen Hintergrund der Nomoi, pp. 105-124
FETSCHER, JUSTUS: Neutralität. Eine sachliche Lektüre von Gottfried Kellers Romeo und Julia auf dem Dorfe, pp. 125-141
NACHTSHEIM, STEPHAN: Zum zeitgenössischen theoretischen Kontext von Hermann Cohens Ästhetik, pp. 142-156
WINTER, FRANZ: Die Urmonotheismustheorie im Dienst der nationalsozialistischen Rassenkunde. Herman Wirth im Kontext der religionswissenschaftlichen und ethnologischen Diskussion seiner Zeit, pp. 157-174

MISZELLE
SCHMID, PETER A.: Die Vervollkommnung der Sittlichkeit in der Nacktheit. Zur Erzeugung des Menschen in der Kunst, pp. 175-182

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 183-207
Gerhard Czermak: Religion und Weltanschauung in Gesellschaft und Recht. Ein Lexikon für Praxis und Wissenschaft, Aschaffenburg: Alibri 2009 (Christoph Kopke)
Marie-Luise Raters: Atheismus, Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag 2009 (Robert Schieding)
Alexander K. Nagel/Bernd U. Schipper/Ansgar Weyman (Hg.): Apokalypse. Zur Soziologie und Geschichte religiöser Krisenrhetorik, Frankfurt a. M./New York: Campus 2008 (Gideon Botsch)
Moritz Csáky/Christoph Leitgeb (Hg.): Kommunikation – Gedächtnis – Raum. Kulturwissenschaften nach dem „Spatial Turn“, Bielefeld: transcript 2009 (Mike Frömel)
Görge K. Hasselhoff: Maimonides interkulturell gelesen, Nordhausen: Traugott Bautz 2009 (George Y. Kohler)
Guilio Schiavoni/Guido Massino (Hg.): Ebrei della Mitteleuropa. Identità ebraica e indentità nazionali, Genova: il melangolo 2008 (Gabriella Pelloni)
Dan Diner/Moshe Zimmermann (eds.): Disseminating German Tradition. The Thyssen Lectures, Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag 2009 (Doron Avraham)
Martin Bucer: Deutsche Schriften, Bd. 12: Schriften zu Kirchengütern und zum Basler Universitätsstreit (1538-1545), Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus 2008 (Görge K. Hasselhoff)
Britta Waldschmidt-Nelson: Christian Science im Lande Luthers. Eine amerikanische Religionsgemeinschaft in Deutschland, 1894-2009, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner 2009 (Florian Jeserich)
Christof Mauch/Kiran Klaus Patel (Hg.): Wettlauf um die Moderne. Die USA und Deutschland 1890 bis heute, München: Pantheon 2008 (Joachim H. Knoll)
Jon Savage: Teenage. Die Erfindung der Jugend (1875-1945), Frankfurt a. M./New York: Campus 2008 (Joachim H. Knoll)
Konrad Hammann: Rudolf Bultmann. Eine Biographie, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2009; Rudolf Bultmann/Martin Heidegger, Briefwechsel 1925-1975, Frankfurt a. M./Tübingen: Vittorio Klostermann/Mohr Siebeck 2009 (Friedrich Wilhelm Horn)
Reinhard Mehring: Carl Schmitt. Aufstieg und Fall, München: C. H. Beck 2009 (Werner Treß)
Helmut Zwanger: Albrecht Goes. Freund Martin Bubers und des Judentums. Eine Hommage, Tübingen: Klöpfer & Meyer 2008 (Günter Wirth †)
Andreas Arndt (Hg.): Wissenschaft und Geselligkeit. Friedrich Schleiermacher in Berlin 1796-1802, Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter 2009 (Martin Arndt)
John Gray: Politik der Apokalypse. Wie die Religion die Welt in die Krise stürzt, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta 22009 (Martin Arndt)

MITARBEITERINNEN UND MITARBEITER DES HEFTES, p. 208

ABSTRACTS:
HERNÁNDEZ DE LA FUENTE, DAVID: Mythische Vorbilder des sakralen Gesetzgebers bei Platon (Nomoi I-IV). Eine Einführung in den religiösen Hintergrund der Nomoi.
This paper focuses on the religious background of lawgiving and its mythical models in books I-IV of the Laws. This latest of Plato’s Works deals with the main tasks of a legislator in the ideal political community. In this dialogue, the lawgiver (nomothetes) is the heir of a long Greek tradition with mythical and historical forerunners (Solon, Lycurgus, Epimenides, etc.) who had a special relation with the divinity. Perhaps the best example of this kind of divine lawgiver is Minos, who was able of knowing the Gods’ will and received from them the holy laws. In that aspect, Plato depends from the legendary nomothetai from myth and dwells heavily in oracular procedures as a way of communication with divinity and acquisition of decrees or confirmation of laws. If our view is correct, the model for the best possible Constitution comes from Divine Wisdom (i.e. Philosophy) through oracular mediation from their mythical origins in Creta and Egypt. The medium between Gods and Men and its mantic practices – as the holy men (theioi andres) from myth and archaic Greek politics – seems a key figure for a better understanding of Plato’s most complex dialogue.

FETSCHER, JUSTUS: Neutralität. Eine sachliche Lektüre von Gottfried Kellers Romeo und Julia auf dem Dorfe.
Gottfried Keller’s “A Village Romeo and Juliet” contains an astonishing number of neuter terms that are of key importance to this novella. This observation is in line with Keller’s predilection for miniaturized worlds and diminutives, played out in this narrative through two basic traits: the reduction of the Shakespearean tragedy to a novella that is a “village story” and the nicknames given to its female protagonist (“Vreeli”, “Vrenchen”). Around one pole of neutrality the story assembles a cluster of terms that convey things in an abstract, generalized manner. Other neutral nouns make deeply personal concerns (love, destiny) look as if they were governed by some overriding, a-personal force. In this vein, the text tends to de-personalize human actions by expressing them in the grammatical form of nominalized infinitives. Inconspicuous idiomatic phrases seem to hide, as in the Freudian Id, the menacing power of the drives. Precisely by revealing that the narrative’s sphere is constructed of neutral elementary particles, the text transforms and transubstantiates what it represents into the neutrality of the script. It does so solely, it seems, to make palpable that this literature is charged with the sensuality of the genders.

NACHTSHEIM, STEPHAN: Zum zeitgenössischen theoretischen Kontext von Hermann Cohens Ästhetik.
The tendency to isolate aesthetics in the study of fine arts and in basic fine arts research as well as through the aesthetics of empathy goes back to post-Kantian philosophy. This way of thinking, as far as it was of particular interest to Cohen, dominated aesthetics and art theory during the time of the publication his Ästhetik des reinen Gefühls (1912). In the Marburg School itself, the systematic basis of aesthetics began to shift in 1912.

WINTER, FRANZ: Die Urmonotheismustheorie im Dienst der nationalsozialistischen Rassenkunde. Herman Wirth im Kontext der religionswissenschaftlichen und ethnologischen Diskussion seiner Zeit.
Herman Wirth Roeper Bosch (1885-1981) was an important theoretician of the racist theory of Nazi-Germany. This article deals with his major publication „Der Aufgang der Menschheit“ (published 1928), wherein he provides a theory on the origins of the so called „atlantidian“ race. One of the foundations is the so called „primordial monotheism“ (Urmonotheismustheorie), which was quite popular in the first half of the 20th century. This article provides an attempt to analyse the main features of his approach with reference to the scholarly discussion in religious studies and ethnology of his time.

 

Heft 3

AUFSÄTZE
SCHOEPS, JULIUS H.: Im Kreise der Aufgeklärten. Der Einfluss Moses Mendelssohns und David Friedländers auf die Reformkonzepte Wilhelm von Humboldts, pp. 209-226.
LUND, HANNAH LOTTE: „Sie schenkte mir drei Tassen Spruch...“. Wilhelm von Humboldt und die Anfänge der deutsch-jüdischen Geselligkeit in den Briefen der Berliner Salongesellschaft, pp. 227-247.
PANWITZ, SEBASTIAN: Die Finanzbeziehungen zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und den Mendelssohns, pp. 248-260.
TRESS,WERNER: Wissenschaft zwischen neuhumanistischem Bildungsideal und Staatsnutzen. Zur Gründung der Berliner Universität 1810, pp. 261-281.

MISZELLEN
MAASS, YVONNE: Was von der Weltreise übrig blieb. Über die naturkundlichen Sammlungen Adelbert von Chamissos, pp. 282-286.
KOPKE, CHRISTOPH; Medizin im Wandel der Zeit und im Wechsel der Systeme. 300 Jahre Berliner Charité, pp. 287-293.
KNOLL, JOACHIM H.: Nachruf: Michael Salewski 2. Januar 1938-4. Mai 2010, pp. 294-295.

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 296-311.
Dirk Rupnow/Veronika Lipphardt/Jens Thiel/Christina Wessely (Hg.): Pseudowissenschaft. Konzeptionen von Nichtwissenschaftlichkeit in der Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp 2008 (Gideon Botsch).
Jörg Frey/Stefan Krauter/Hermann Lichtenberger (Hg.): Heil und Geschichte. Die Geschichtskonzepte des Heils und das Problem der Heilsgeschichte in der biblischen Tradition und in der theologischen Deutung, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2009 (Friedrich Wilhelm Horn).
Andrew Cain/Josef Lössl (eds.): Jerome of Stridon. His Life, Writings and Legacy, Furnham/Burlington, VT: Ashgate 2009 (Görge K. Hasselhoff).
Moshe Halbertal: HaRambam, Jerusalem: Salman Shazar Institute 2009 (George Y. Kohler).
Deidre Michell: Christian Science. Women, Healing, and the Church, Lanham: University Press of America 2009 (Florian Jeserich).
Heiner F. Klemme (Hg.): Kant und die Zukunft der europäischen Aufklärung, Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter 2009 (Martin Arndt).
Peter Kaeding: Die Hand über der ganzen Welt. Johann Friedrich Cotta. Der Verleger der deutschen Klassik, Stuttgart: J. G. Cotta’sche Buchhandlung Nachf./Klett-Cotta 2009 (Joachim H. Knoll).
John W. Boyer: Karl Lueger (1844-1910). Christlichsoziale Politik als Beruf, Wien/Köln/Weimar: Böhlau 2010 (Hannes Ludyga).
Andreas Kossert: Kalte Heimat. Die Geschichte der Deutschen Vertriebenen nach 1945, München: Siedler 2008 (Joachim H. Knoll).
Eva Illouz: Die Errettung der modernen Seele, Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp 2009 (Martin Arndt).

MITARBEITERINNEN UND MITARBEITER DES HEFTES, p. 312.

ABSTRACTS:
SCHOEPS, JULIUS H.: Im Kreise der Aufgeklärten. Der Einfluss Moses Mendelssohns und David Friedländers auf die Reformkonzepte Wilhelm von Humboldts, pp. 209-226.
The article aims at investigating the influence of the Haskalah on Wilhelm von Humboldt’s reform plans. The argument is that Moses Mendelssohn and his student David Friedländer indeed had contact with Wilhelm von Humboldt. Never-theless, their influence was not direct, but rather indirect. The article shows that Mendelssohn and Friedländer inspired some of Wilhelm von Humboldt’s ideas.

LUND, HANNAH LOTTE: „Sie schenkte mir drei Tassen Spruch...“. Wilhelm von Humboldt und die Anfänge der deutsch-jüdischen Geselligkeit in den Briefen der Berliner Salon-gesellschaft, pp. 227-247.
The Berlin Jewish Salons of 1800 have often been discussed as places for emancipation and even as moments of „German-Jewish Symbiosis”, a phrase that has been questioned ever since Gershom Scholem’s verdict, that there was no such thing as a German-Jewish dialogue. This article explores the ways and the tone of the communication in the Berlin salon of the 1790s as it can be traced in their papers and letters. On the basis of mainly unpublished „billets” it can be shown that members of the salon society upheld a somewhat „enlightened” tone. A specific blend of irony, wit, gallantry and gossip helped to deal with conflicting issues such as differences in background or conversion. On the example of Wilhelm von Humboldt, the paper discusses to what extent the networking relationships of the 1790s changed and were still relevant at the beginning of the 19th century.

PANWITZ, SEBASTIAN: Die Finanzbeziehungen zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und den Mendelssohns, pp. 248-260.
The continuous substantial and flexible material support of the bankers Joseph and Alexander Mendelssohn were of essential importance for Alexander von Humboldt’s outstanding scientific expeditions and his work as a publicist, coordinator and supporter of fellow scientist and scientific projects in Berlin for decades. New sources present this support of Humboldt by the Mendelssohns in all its depth and variety. At the same time, the enduring funding of one of Prussia’s most important Bildungsbürger clearly illustrates that the business policy of the Mendelssohn bankers was based on a canon of values in which the acceptance of responsibility in different fields of society were of equal importance as pure economic success.

TRESS,WERNER: Wissenschaft zwischen neuhumanistischem Bildungsideal und Staats-nutzen. Zur Gründung der Berliner Universität 1810, pp. 261-281.
By now scholars agree that the foundation of the University of Berlin in 1810 and its glorification through the “Humboldtian myth” must be viewed separately.Nevertheless, ever since the 1910 centennial, historiography has rarely gone beyond references to the historical documents edited by Rudolf Köpke (1860) and Max Lenz (1910). Analyzing the lectures announced in the university calendar for the fall semester 1810/11, the essay shows that applied science and vocational training played a larger role than assumed. In founding the university, it seems, the authorities looked rather for the advancement of the common public interest (“Staatsnutzen”) than for the realization of a “Bildungsideal”. This essay pleads, therefore, for a comprehensive reassessment of the historical documents from the planning and founding stages of the University of Berlin

 

 

Heft 4

AUFSÄTZE
RENGER, ALMUT-BARBARA/STELLMACHER, ALEXANDRA: Der Asketen- als Wissenskörper. Zum verkörperlichten Wissen des Simeon Stylites in ausgewählten Texten der Spätantike, pp. 313-338.
KALIMI, ISAAC: Furcht vor Vernichtung und der ewige Bund. Das Buch Ester im Judentum und in jüdischer Theologie, pp. 339-355.
GAMBA, EZIO: Du sollst dir kein Bildnis machen. Das Problem der künstlerischen Darstellung des Göttlichen in Hermann Cohens Ästhetik, pp. 356-366.
GORGONE, SANDRO: Vom kairós zum Ereignis. Martin Heideggers Auseinandersetzung mit dem Urchristentum, pp. 367-383.

MISZELLEN
KNÜPPEL, MICHAEL: Gedanken zum zentral- und ostasiatischen „Spät-Manichäismus“, pp.384-387.
KNOLL, JOACHIM H.: Neue Wege der Humboldt-Forschung, pp. 388-392.

BUCHBESPRECHUNGEN, pp. 393-413.
Susan Ashbrook Harvey: Song and Memory. Biblical Women in Syriac Tradition, Milwaukee: Marquette UP 2001 (Laura Lieber).
Nicolai Sinai: Fortschreibung und Auslegung. Studien zur frühen Koraninterpretation, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009 (Görge K. Hasselhoff).
Karl Förstel: Schriften zum Islam von Arethas und Euthymios Zigabenos und Fragmente der griechischen Koranübersetzung. Griechisch-deutsche Textausgabe, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009 (Manolis Ulbricht).
Martin Kumlehn: Gott zur Sprache bringen. Studien zum Predigtverständnis Johann Gottfried Herders im Kontext seiner philosophischen Anthropologie, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2009 (Martin Arndt).
Brent W. Sockness/Wilhelm Gräb (Hg.): Schleiermacher, the Study of Religion, and the Future of Theology, Berlin/N. Y.: de Gruyter 2010 (Martin Arndt).
Domenico Losurdo: Nietzsche der aristokratische Rebell. Intellektuelle Biographie und kritische Bilanz, Berlin/Hamburg: Argument 2009 (Martin Arndt).
Wolfgang Martynkewicz: Salon Deutschland. Geist und Macht 1900-945, Berlin: Aufbau 2009 (Joachim H. Knoll).
Isolde Schiffermüller (Hg.): I romanzi di Kafka, Roma: Carocci 2008 (Gabriella Pelloni).
Ulrich Raulff: Kreis ohne Meister. Stefan Georges Nachleben, München: Beck 2009 (Joachim H. Knoll).
Bernd Schröder/Wolfgang Kraus (Hg.): Religion im öffentlichen Raum. Deutsche und französische Perspektiven/La Religion dans l’espace public. Perspectives allemandes et françaises, Bielefeld: transcript 2009 (Franz Winter).
Hans Martin Dober: Die Zeit ins Gebet nehmen. Medien und Symbole im Gottesdienst als Ritual, Göttingen: V&R 2009 (Knut Martin Stünkel).
Manfred Gerstenfeld: The Abuse of Holocaust Memory. Distortions and Responses, Jerusalem: JCPA/ADL 2009 (Christian Mentel).

IN DER REDAKTION EINGEGANGENE BÜCHER, pp. 414-415.

MITARBEITERINNEN UND MITARBEITER DES HEFTES, p. 416.

ABSTRACTS:
RENGER, ALMUT-BARBARA/STELLMACHER, ALEXANDRA: Der Asketen- als Wissenskörper. Zum verkörperlichten Wissen des Simeon Stylites in ausgewählten Texten der Spätantike, pp. 313-338
The strict distinction and separation of mind and body is a particularly modern Western point of view that is routinely also applied to other cultures. Arguing against this dichotomy, the following contribution builds upon research on “implicit knowledge” (Michael Polanyi) and “knowing how” that allow us to view body and mind in their interaction. The focus is on Simeon Stylites the Elder, the most prominent representative of the Syrian ascetic movement, who, in a spectacular way and after incessant exercise, was able to act from a sphere of internalized body-knowledge. Selected texts on him dating from Late Antiquity will illustrate how the ascetic body was represented as a body of knowledge with which the idea of Christian perfection was to be fulfilled.

KALIMI, ISAAC: Furcht vor Vernichtung und der ewige Bund. Das Buch Ester im Judentum und in jüdischer Theologie, pp. 339-355.
Although for some reasons the book of Esther is missing from among the biblical manuscripts of the Dead Sea Scrolls, it has a unique place in Judaism and Jewish theology and thought. A large number of exegetes, poetry, essays, arts, and music. have been composed on it, in all times and places, alongside the Jewish history and culture. Esther expresses one of the depths frighten of the Jewish people: fear from complete annihilation, which is also well documented in the Hebrew Bible as well as in some extra-biblical sources (e.g., “Israel Stele,” Moabite Stone). Esther replies to that fear, and forwards the theological message that God never leaves Israel. He is the faithful God “who maintains covenant loyalty with those who love him and keep his commandments”. Yet, the historical reality of the Jewish Diaspora shows differently. The article discusses, therefore, also this theology, history and us, as post-Sho’ah readers of Esther.

GAMBA, EZIO: Du sollst dir kein Bildnis machen. Das Problem der künstlerischen Darstellung des Göttlichen in Hermann Cohens Ästhetik, pp. 356-366.
Jewish monotheism forbids every representation of God. In ancient Greece, on the contrary, great sculptural art was mainly representation of several gods. I am asking whether, according to Hermann Cohen, sculpture and paganism are necessarily bound together. What, then, is the meaning of artistic representation of Jesus Christ? Is he the ideal of an unification of God and Man?

GORGONE, SANDRO: Vom kairós zum Ereignis. Martin Heideggers Auseinandersetzung mit dem Urchristentum, pp. 367-383.
The Greek term kairós signifies on the one hand an opportune moment and time of decision-making and on the other hand the unpredictable yet expected moment of Christ’s return on the Judgment Day according to Paul. The goal of this essay is to establish the connection between kairós and Heidegger’s central concept of „Ereignis“, which he developed in his later years. The Freiburg lectures on the phenomenology of religious life from the early 1920s and the posthumously published works from the 1930s and 1940s will serve to illustrate how the tradition of the Greek and Christian kairós influenced Heidegger’s development of the idea of possibly overcoming the chronometric and metaphysical understanding of time as „Jetztzeit“. He was thus able to deny the ontological privilege of present and presence. The role of Paul is decisive for Heidegger’s thinking: the factual experience of the first Christian communities has not only had an external influence on the „Daseinsanalytik“; it has also influenced the entire development of „Seinsgeschichte“ and has had a significant impact on Heidegger’s last attempt to define „Seinsgeschichte“ itself through the „Ereignis“ beyond any ontological perspective.